Saramago’s Dogs: For an Inclusive Humanism

  • Carlo Salzani
  • Kristof K. P. Vanhoutte


Saramago’s privileged relationship with his dogs goes way beyond biographical trivia and was artistically sublimated into a highly symbolic function in his writings: dogs appear in many of his novels, and in some of them, they ascend to the rank of central characters. If the dogs always play a positive role, their presence is however charged with symbolism, and their philosophical and artistic functions need to be unpacked. This chapter presents a phenomenology of Saramago’s dogs, arguing that they not only constitute a powerful and captivating artistic device but also endow his work with a strong politico-philosophical charge that at times even transcends the author’s intentions.


José Saramago Dogs Critique of humanism Anthropocentrism 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlo Salzani
    • 1
  • Kristof K. P. Vanhoutte
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Independent ScholarMunsterGermany
  2. 2.University of the Free StateBloemfonteinSouth Africa
  3. 3.Pontifical University AntonianumRomeItaly

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