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Implementing Hostility and Acceptance: LGBTQ Persecution, Rights, and Mobility in the Context of Western Moral Entrepreneurship

  • Katherine Fox
Chapter

Abstract

Contemporary queer migration is shaped by regional and cultural attitudes toward sexual and gender minorities, a fact that is well known in both academic and activist spheres. Much less is mentioned about the ways that homophobic and discriminatory attitudes came to pervade certain regions, while others became the champions of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) rights. This chapter employs Becker’s theory of moral entrepreneurship to examine Western influence over gender ideologies and the treatment of sexual and gender minorities across the globe, and seeks to explain why non-Western societies that once accepted sexual and gender minorities are now resistant to Western-led LGBTQ rights movements. Focusing on two case studies of imperials and their relationships with their colonies, the chapter discusses the acceptance of sexual minorities by non-Western societies prior to Western contact, and the ways that imperials controlled gender roles and behavior as an exercise of colonial rule. Next, it discusses how restrictive social and legal policies were retained in non-Western colonies, despite the shift to a more permissive stance in the Western countries themselves. In the postcolonial period, many non-Western societies held the antipathy toward sexual minorities as a way to differentiate themselves and resist Western influence, a theme that continues to appear in today’s landscape of LGBTQ rights and oppression.

Keywords

LGBTQ Persecution Rights Moral entrepreneurship 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Southern Methodist UniversityDallasUSA

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