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Legal Requirements to Prove Asylum Claims Based on Sexual Orientation: A Comparison Between the CJEU and ECtHR Case Law

  • Andrea Mrazova
Chapter

Abstract

Despite the proposed reform of the Common European Asylum System in 2016, European Union legislation still remains silent on which methods should be used to prove asylum claims based on sexual orientation. The author identifies some problematic cases, in which selected European Union countries face problems with assessing the credibility of lesbian, gay and bisexual asylum seekers. One of them is Czech Republic, where a controversial practice of phallometric tests was recently used to prove homosexuality, although the practice was supposed to be abandoned. The chapter further compares the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union with case law of European Court of Human Rights in this area to identify the most common challenges. It aims to question whether the two courts result effective in clarifying which practices are admissible in asylum proceedings and which methods should be prohibited, as they may violate asylum seekers’ basic human rights. The author argues that there are significant contradictions in the judgements of the two courts, which cause problems both to the decision makers and asylum seekers and that it is urgently needed to adopt and implement common European guidelines.

Keywords

Sexual orientation Credibility Phallometric test Refugee Status 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Mrazova
    • 1
  1. 1.ViennaAustria

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