Advertisement

Lived Religion and the Traumatic Impact of Sexual Abuse: The Sodalicio Case in Peru

  • Rocio Figueroa Alvear
  • David Tombs
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Lived Religion and Societal Challenges book series (PSLRSC)

Abstract

This chapter explores the traumatic impact of sexual abuse on lived religion through a case study of the Sodalicio Society in Peru. It draws on recent interviews with eight male survivors, who are now middle-aged and who were abused when they were younger. The first section explains the background of the Sodalicio community. The second section offers an overview of existing literature on the spiritual consequences of clergy-perpetrated sexual abuse. The third section explores the spiritual impact of psychological and spiritual abuse on the eight former members of Sodalicio. The fourth section will argue that recent work identifying Christ’s own experience as a form of sexual abuse might offer a new vantage point to address the traumatic impact of sexual abuse.

Bibliography

  1. American Psychiatric Association. 1994. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association. 2013. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anónimo, Didaché, in Livingstone, E.A. 2013. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Berry, J., and G. Renner. 2004. Vows of Silence: The Abuse of Power in the Papacy of John Paul II. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  5. Comisión de Ética para la Justicia y Reconciliación, Informe Final (16 April 2016). Retrieved from http://comisionetica.org/blog/2016/04/16/informe-final/.
  6. Durà-Vilà, G., R. Littlewood, and G. Leavey. 2013. Integration of Sexual Trauma in a Religious Narrative. Transformation, Resolution and Growth among Contemplative Nuns. Transcultural Psychiatry 50 (1): 21–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Eriksson-Baaz, M., and M. Stern. 2013. Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War? Perceptions, Prescriptions, Problems in the Congo and Beyond. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  8. Farrell, D.P., and M. Taylor. 1997. Survivors of Sexual Abuse by Clergy. Paper Presented at Fifth European Congress of Psychology, Dublin, Ireland.Google Scholar
  9. Farrell, D.P., and M. Taylor. 2000. Sexual Abuse by Clergy and the Implications for survivors. ChangesAn International Journal of Psychology and Psychotherapy 17 (1): 52–59.Google Scholar
  10. Fater, K., and J.A. Mullaney. 2000. The Lived Experience of Adult Male Survivors Who Allege Childhood Sexual Abuse by Clergy. Issues in Mental Health Nursing 21: 281–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Figueroa R., and D. Tombs. 2016. Listening to Male Survivors of Church Sexual Abuse. Voices from Survivors of Sodalicio Abuses in Peru, Centre for Theology and Public Issues, University of Otago. Available at: https://ourarchive.otago.ac.nz/handle/10523/7052.
  12. Fogler, J., J. Shiperd, S. Clarke, J. Jensen, and E. Rowe. 2008a. The Impact of Clergy-Perpetrated Sexual Abuse: The Role of Gender, Development and Posttraumatic Stress. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 17 (3–4): 329–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fogler, J., J. Shiperd, E. Rowe, J. Jensen, and S. Clarke. 2008b. Theoretical Foundation for Understanding Clergy-Perpetrated Sexual Abuse. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 17 (3–4): 301–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ganje-Fling, M., and P. McCarthy. 1996. Impact of Childhood Sexual Abuse on Client Spiritual Development: Counseling Implications. Journal of Counseling and Development 74 (3): 253–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ganzevoort, R. 2003. Violence Within the Church. Paper for the 2nd International NOSTER Conference, 21st January, Soesterberg, NL.Google Scholar
  16. Ganzevoort, R., and S. Sremac. 2016. Masculinity, Spirituality, and Male Wartime Sexual Trauma. In Interdisciplinary Handbook of Trauma and Culture, ed. Y. Ataria, et al., 339–351. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Garnefski, N., and E. Arends. 1998. Sexual Abuse and Adolescent Maladjustment: Differences Between Male and Female Victims. Journal of Adolescence 21: 99–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hallett, J., and M. Skinner, eds. 1997. Roman Sexualities. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Helfer, R., and C. Kempe. 1976. Child Abuse & Neglect: The Family and the Community. Cambridge: Ballinger.Google Scholar
  20. McLaughlin, B. 1994. Devastated Spirituality: The Impact of Clergy Sexual Abuse on the Survivor’s Relationship with God and the Church. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 1 (2): 145–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mertes, K. 2010. Declaración en el Congreso eclesial ecuménico en Munich [Declaration at the Ecclesiastic ecumenical Congress in Munich], 14 May 2010. Available at: http://www.muenster.de/~angergun/klaus-mertes.pdf.
  22. Monkeberg, M.O. 2010. Karadima el señor de los infiernos. Santiago: Random House Mondadori.Google Scholar
  23. Murray-Swank, N., and K. Pargament. 2005. God Where Are You? Evaluating a Spiritually-Integrated Intervention for Sexual Abuse. Mental Health Religion & Culture 8 (3): 191–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pargament, K., Murray-Swank N., and Mahoney. 2008. Problem and Solution: The Spiritual Dimension of Clergy Sexual Abuse and its Impact on Survivors. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 17 (3–4): 397–420.Google Scholar
  25. Pighi P. El Sodalicio, el grupo religioso internacional que enfrenta acusaciones por abusos sexuales en Peru, 14 March 2016, BBC. Available at: http://www.bbc.com/mundo/noticias/2016/03/160105_america_latina_peru_sodalicios_denuncias_abuso_sexual_ppb.
  26. Rossetti, S. 1995. The Impact of Child Sexual Abuse on Attitudes Toward God and the Catholic Church. Child Abuse and Neglect 19 (12): 1469–1481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Salinas P. 2015. Mitad Monjes, mitad soldados [Half Monks, Half Soldiers]. Lima: Planeta.Google Scholar
  28. Sipe, R. 1995. Sex, Priests, and Power—Anatomy of Crisis. London: Cassell.Google Scholar
  29. Tombs, D. 1999. Crucifixion, State Terror, and Sexual Abuse. Union Seminary Quarterly Review 53 (Autumn): 89–108. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/10523/6067.
  30. ———. 2009. Prisoner Abuse: From Abu Ghraib to the Passion of the Christ. In Religions and the Politics of Peace and Conflict, ed. Linda Hogan and Dylan Lehrke, 179–205. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Theological Monograph Series.Google Scholar
  31. ———. 2011. Unspeakable Abuse and Forgiveness. Doctrine and Life 61 (6): 15–27.Google Scholar
  32. ———. 2014. Silent No More: Sexual Violence in Conflict as a Challenge to the Worldwide Church. Acta Theologica 34 (2): 142–160. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/actat.v34i2.9.
  33. ———. 2017. ‘Lived Religion and the Intolerance of the Cross’. In Lived Religion and Politics of (In)tolerance. Palgrave Studies in Lived Religion and Societal Changes, ed. Ruard Ganzevoort, and Srdjan Sremac, 63–83. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  34. Trainor, M. 2014. Body of Jesus and Sexual Abuse: How the Gospel Passion Narrative Informs a Pastoral Approach. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock.Google Scholar
  35. Wells, K. 2003. A Needs Assessment Regarding the Nature and Impact of Clergy Sexual Abuse Conducted by the Interfaith Sexual Trauma Institute. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 10 (2–3): 201–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Williams, C. 1999. Roman Homosexuality: Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical Antiquity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Good Shepherd CollegeAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.University of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations