Molecular Mechanism of Self-Fueling in Biological Systems by Relativity of Code, Energy, and Mass

  • Tara Karimi


Among the renewable energy resources, solar energy is the largest. The increase in the use of fossil fuels and increasing level of CO2 lead to an emerging demand for sustainable energy sources. Nature applies a highly efficient way to harvest solar energy. Photosynthesis is a natural process through which solar energy is absorbed by plants and transformed and stored as chemical energy in biomolecules. During photosynthesis, photochemical reactions happen in light-harvesting complexes in chloroplasts of plants’ cells.

In addition, photosynthesis is incorporated with the formation of highly organized structures from the less ordered materials (self-organization). High efficiency of photosynthesis is related to the quantum coherence energy transfer within light-harvesting protein complexes.

Description of the mechanism of energy and mass transfer in photosynthesis relies on the multifunctional properties of biomaterials at different levels of complexity including subatomic (quantum), atomic, and molecular levels. The multifunctional property of matter for energy, mass, and information transport at subatomic, atomic, and molecular level makes up the chemistry of cell, as a very flexible matrix for free transportation of energy, mass, and information.


Self-fueling systems Natural and artificial photosynthesis Renewable and sustainable energy solutions Quantum coherence energy and information transfer in biological systems 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tara Karimi
    • 1
  1. 1.Tulane Medical CenterTulane UniversityNew OrleansUSA

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