Essentials of Thermodynamics

  • Chung FangEmail author
Part of the Springer Textbooks in Earth Sciences, Geography and Environment book series (STEGE)


Thermodynamics is the science of energy dealing with heat, work, and other forms of energy, their transformations, and their relationships with properties of substances. In the context of present chapter, only the thermodynamics based on the macroscopic description (classical thermodynamics) is addressed, which provides a fundamental knowledge not only to an energy perspective in understanding the motions of fluids, but also to access other branches of thermodynamics, such as irreversible thermodynamics, rational thermodynamics, or continuum thermodynamics. Results from the thermodynamics based on the microscopic description (statistical thermodynamics or statistical mechanics) are provided for selected topics to gain a clearer picture of the underlying physics in atomic and molecular scales.

Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan

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