Into the Future

  • Peter Shaver


The brief overview of the history of science in Chap.   2 revealed several distinct periods: The extremely long period of slow Palaeolithic development, the rise of towns, cities and civilizations, the ‘Greek Miracle’ that introduced the concept of causes in nature, the Islamic and medieval periods, the Scientific Revolution that arose from the Greek tradition and established modern science, and the recent few centuries of exponential growth in science. We are certainly at a high point in the history of science right now. But will this exponential pace of growth continue into the future?

Further Reading

  1. Dartnell L (2014) The Knowledge: How to Rebuild Civilization in the Aftermath of a Cataclysm. Penguin, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Dartnell L (2017) Apocalypse in What’s Next? Even Scientists Can’t Predict the Future – Or Can They? (ed. J. Al-Khalili; Profile Books)Google Scholar
  3. Diamond J (2005) Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed. Penguin, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Enriquez J, Gullans S (2015) Evolving Ourselves: How Unnatural Selection and Nonrandom Mutation are Changing Life on Earth. Portfolio/Penguin, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Harwit M (1981) Cosmic Discovery: The Search, Scope and Heritage of Astonomy. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Homer-Dixon T (2006) The Upside of Down: Catastrophe, Creativity and the Renewal of Society. Island Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  7. Motesharrei S, Rivas J, Kalnay E (2014) Human and Nature Dynamics. Ecological Economics vol. 101, 90-102Google Scholar
  8. Randers J (2012) 2052: A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years. Chelsea Green Publishing, White River Junction, VermontGoogle Scholar
  9. Rees M (2003) Our Final Century: Will the Human Race Survive the Twenty-first Century? William Heinemann, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. Tainter JA (1990) The Collapse of Complex Societies (New Studies in Archaeology). Cambridge Univ. PressGoogle Scholar
  11. Turok N (2013) The Universe Within: From Quantum to Cosmos. Allen & Unwin, Sydney, AustraliaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Shaver
    • 1
  1. 1.SydneyAustralia

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