Short Paper: How Do People Choose a Means for Communication in Disaster Situations?
In disaster situations, people try to communicate with acquaintances for a variety of reasons. In general, they try to immediately communicate with family or important friends to confirm their safety. To understand the damage situation, they may try to communicate with neighbors whom they don’t often communicate with in daily life. This paper introduces the results of surveys of people who experienced the Great East Japan Earthquake, 2011 and the Kumamoto Earthquake, 2016 in Japan to discover what communication modalities were used and why they were chosen.
KeywordsDisaster Communication modality Information grasp Survey
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