Advertisement

Human Performance Augmentation in Context: Using Artificial Intelligence to Deal with Variability—An Example from Narrative Influence

  • William D. Casebeer
  • Matthias Ziegler
  • Amanda E. Kraft
  • Jason Poleski
  • Bartlett Russell
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10916)

Abstract

Bringing together humans and machines in a performance-improving symbiosis requires giving our digital assistants, robots and other artificial teammates the ability to better understand the states of their human colleagues. In this paper, we discuss how technology can be used to assess human reactions to information, a critical technology development both for enabling the development of influence assessment tools, and for human-machine teaming. Developing technology suites to detect and exert influence is of paramount importance in a world where kinetic and non-kinetic effects interact to produce final outcomes in the national security domain. We discuss development of a comprehensive technology suite to allow the US and its Allies to detect and disrupt radicalization processes in multiple media; the suite is distinguished by its use of human-in-the-loop cognitive testing to allow rapid retailoring of information activity, and could give military personnel entirely new capabilities to understand and influence the information environment.

Keywords

Human machine teaming Influence Narrative Physiological monitoring Information operations 

References

  1. 1.
    For information on this system, see the ICEWS website at www.icews.com
  2. 2.
    Casebeer, W.D., Russell, J.A.: Storytelling and terrorism: towards a comprehensive 'counter-narrative strategy'. Strateg. Insights IV(3) (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Malinchik, S.: Framework for modeling opinion dynamics influenced by targeted messages. In: The Second IEEE International Conference on Social Computing, Minneapolis, Minnesota, August 2010. http://www.atl.external.lmco.com/papers/1912.pdf
  4. 4.
    Dmochowski, J.P., Bezdek, M.A., Abelson, B.P., Johnson, J.S., Schumacher, E.H., Parra, L.C.: Audience preferences are predicted by temporal reliability of neural processing. Nat. Commun. 5, 29 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Araujo, H.F., Kaplan, J., Damasio, A.: Cortical midline structures and autobiographical-self processes: an activation-likelihood estimation meta-analysis. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 7, 548 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cikara, M., Bruneau, E., Van Bavel, J.J., Saxe, R.: Their pain gives us pleasure: how intergroup dynamics shape empathic failures and counter-empathic responses. J. Exp. Soc. Psychol. 55, 110–125 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bruneau, E., Dufour, N., Saxe, R.: How we know it hurts: item analysis of written narratives reveals distinct neural responses to others’ physical pain and emotional suffering. PLoS ONE 8, e63085 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dmochowski, J.P., Bezdek, M.A., Abelson, B.P., Johnson, J.S., Schumacher, E.H., Parra, L.C.: Audience preferences are predicted by temporal reliability of neural processing. Nat. Commun. 5, 4567 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Malinchik, S., Rosenbluth, D.: Paradoxical dynamics of population opinion in response to influence of moderate leaders. In: IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI 2011), Artificial Life, pp. 148–153, April 2011Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    O’Brien, S.P.: A multi-method approach for near real time conflict and crisis early warning. In: Subrahmanian, V.S. (ed.) Handbook of Computational Approaches to Counterterrorism. Springer, New York (2013).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5311-6_18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Casebeer, W.D.: A neuroscience and national security normative framework for the twenty-first century. In: Giordano, J. (ed.) Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense: Practical Considerations, Neuroethical Concerns, 30 September 2014. Taylor and Francis (2014)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Thomas, T.S., Kiser, S.D., Casebeer, W.D.: Warlords Rising: Confronting Violent Non-State Actors. Lexington Books, New York (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • William D. Casebeer
    • 1
  • Matthias Ziegler
    • 1
  • Amanda E. Kraft
    • 1
  • Jason Poleski
    • 1
  • Bartlett Russell
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced Technology LaboratoriesLockheed MartinArlingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations