A Human Perspective on Maritime Autonomy

  • Tore RellingEmail author
  • Margareta Lützhöft
  • Runar Ostnes
  • Hans Petter Hildre
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10916)


As for all of the transport segments, autonomy is gaining increasing interest by researchers and for development in the maritime industry, and introducing autonomy is expected to create new possibilities to increase efficiency and safety. Autonomy could lead to drastic changes in roles and responsibilities for involved agents (both technical systems and humans), and these changes will be an important driver for changing the rules which regulate the responsibilities of the involved actors in the maritime domain. This paper suggests a perspective of autonomy as a process of change as opposed to a defined state. The paper discusses three areas that warrant more attention in the development of autonomy in navigation in the maritime industry. Firstly; rather than the traditional reductionist safety models, it considers complexity in maritime systems with increased autonomy and explore systemic safety models to amplify positive human performance variability. Secondly; it argues that humans will be important also in systems with increased autonomy, and discusses the human involvement on strategic, tactical and operational levels. Thirdly; it discusses the importance of defining the concepts responsibility, authority and control from the perspective of humans, rather than that of the vessel.


Human centred design Maritime autonomy Methods of control Responsibility Authority Remote operations 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tore Relling
    • 1
    Email author
  • Margareta Lützhöft
    • 2
  • Runar Ostnes
    • 1
  • Hans Petter Hildre
    • 1
  1. 1.Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyAalesundNorway
  2. 2.Western Norway University of Applied SciencesHaugesundNorway

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