Mitigating Skill Decay in Military Instruction and Enemy Analysis via GIFT

  • Michael W. BoyceEmail author
  • Jeanine A. DeFalco
  • Robert C. Davis
  • Erik K. Kober
  • Benjamin Goldberg
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10916)


This paper will review the collaborative effort of the Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and the Department of Military Instruction (DMI) at the United States Military Academy (USMA) to develop and execute a pedagogical pathway to validate the efficacy of mitigating skill decay in the content area of enemy analysis by way of the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT). An identified area of concern in educating USMA cadets in the area of military preparedness, mitigating skill decay in military instruction from year to year is a necessary, yet time consuming task that is susceptible to inconsistent reinforcement. This paper will provide an overview on the progress of developing an empirically validated course that can be used to offset skill decay while supplementing DMI with reusable and consistent content, with the flexibility to provide adaptable content and assessments that is unique to the GIFT platform.


GIFT Skill decay Military instruction Enemy analysis 



This research was sponsored by the Army Research Laboratory Adaptive Training Research Program and the United States Military Academy Department of Military Instruction. The authors would like to thank all of the supporting colleagues in making this project possible. The statements and opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the position or the policy of the United States Government, and no official endorsement should be inferred.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael W. Boyce
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jeanine A. DeFalco
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Robert C. Davis
    • 4
  • Erik K. Kober
    • 4
  • Benjamin Goldberg
    • 2
  1. 1.Army Research LaboratoryWest PointUSA
  2. 2.Army Research LaboratoryOrlandoUSA
  3. 3.Oak Ridge Associated UniversitiesOak RidgeUSA
  4. 4.Department of Military InstructionUnited States Military AcademyWest PointUSA

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