Construct of Learning Model for Laparoscopic Surgery

  • Kazuaki YamashiroEmail author
  • Akihiko Goto
  • Hisanori Shiomi
  • Koichiro Murakami
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10917)


Laparoscopic surgery is one of surgery method. It requires many experiences to acquire the techniques and time to educate others because, for example, it has little information that the operator can acquire through field of view and sense of touch, and need to get used to through the operation of forceps. Laparoscopic surgery have four learning method (Dry box, Wet lab, Simulator, animal lab). With the simulator, learnings are that immersed in the most realistic skills, training environment, gave the opportunity to develop proficiency in laparoscopic surgical techniques, provided accurate tactile, feel of need procedures and complications and gave risk–free learning before touching their first patient. However, it is impossible to train according to personal skills only simulator. Previous studies have shown that the surgeon’ gaze point revealed when using the surgery simulator, thereby indicating that the result of the eye movement is useful for learning. The goal of this study is construction of learning system that to feedback the evaluation result to the learner. We analyzed the medical students’ eye movements, there were individual differences in the medical students’ gazing points, and there was a pattern in the medical students’ gazing points. We were able to cluster them and divide them into groups.


Eye movement Laparoscopic surgery Guidance 

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazuaki Yamashiro
    • 1
    Email author
  • Akihiko Goto
    • 2
  • Hisanori Shiomi
    • 3
  • Koichiro Murakami
    • 4
  1. 1.Kyoto Institute of TechnologyKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Osaka Sangyo UniversityDaito-shiJapan
  3. 3.Nagahama Red Cross HospitalNagahama-shiJapan
  4. 4.Tesseikai Neurosurgical HospitalShijonawateJapan

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