Cerebral Ischemia and Stroke

  • Fridon Todua
  • Dudana Gachechiladze


Brain damage caused by a pathology in vascular system is currently one of the major problems in medicine even in the highly developed countries. Epidemiological studies have proved that 750,000 new cases of stroke are annually registered in the USA, 127,000 in Germany, 112,000 in Italy, 101,000 in England, and 78,000 in France (Ricci 1989, American Heart Association 1997; Argentine and Prencipe 2000). Approximately 4.5 million people all over the world annually die from stroke. Cerebrovascular disorders are the reason of 11–14% of overall mortality and according to this parameter hold the third place in a number of countries with developed economy and the first place according to the reason of disability (World Health Organization 2014; American Heart Association 2016).
  1. 1.

    Epidemiological studies showed the differences in geographical spread of stroke. In the developed countries of Asia, the frequency of stroke is higher than in west Europe. In urban population of Europe, 1.26–1.7 cases of stroke are registered per 1000 people (Smirnov and Manvelov 2001; Kim and Johnston 2013), while in Japan and China, this value is 3.53–4.9 (Nakagawa et al. 1989; Shimamura et al. 1996; Eastern Stroke and Coronary Heart Colaborative Researc Group 1998; Yamaguchi 2003).



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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fridon Todua
    • 1
  • Dudana Gachechiladze
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyNational Academy of Sciences of Georgia, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, I. Javakhishili Tbilisi State UniversityTbilisiGeorgia
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyProgramme of Caucasus UniversityTbilisiGeorgia
  3. 3.Department of Ultrasound DiagnosticsNational Medical Academy of Georgia, Research Institute of Clinical MedicineTbilisiGeorgia

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