• Anton Kos
  • Anton Umek
Part of the Human–Computer Interaction Series book series (HCIS)


This chapter is dedicated to the presentation of biofeedback applications in sport and rehabilitation. The review of such applications that come in large numbers and varieties is not in the scope of this book. To provide the complete information about the development, properties, functionalities, and results of biofeedback applications, we chose to present only those developed by the authors of this book. Properties and requirements of different sports and rehabilitation therapies are explained first, followed by typical applications scenarios including low dynamic activities, high dynamic activities, multiple sensors, and multiple user cases. Five examples of biofeedback applications are presented and discussed: Golf swing trainer, Smart golf club, Smart ski, water sport, and swimming rehabilitation. Each of them is thoroughly explained in terms of its objectives and functionalities, system architecture and setup, theoretical and research background, results and future development plans. All application presentations include details about the biofeedback system elements used (sensors, processing devices, actuators) and the most important and relevant results that are showing or proving its suitability, applicability, and usefulness for the intended function. Also, for each of the applications future development ideas are listed and explained. By studying this chapter, the reader should get a deeper insight of the various possibilities available for biofeedback application development and use.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anton Kos
    • 1
  • Anton Umek
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  2. 2.Faculty of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

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