Between Diplomacy and Revolution (1963–1966)

  • Matteo Grilli
Part of the African Histories and Modernities book series (AHAM)


This chapter outlines the period between 1963 and 1966, when Ghana’s Pan-African policy reached its peak of radicalism. This, in turn, caused a harsh confrontation between Ghana and other independent African states backed by Western powers. The chapter details the BAA’s work with liberation movements involved in armed struggle and those who were not. As documents and oral testimonies demonstrate, despite its shortcomings, the Bureau succeeded in spreading Nkrumah’s ideology on the continent. However, Nkrumah did not succeed in relaunching the project for a political union. Many in Africa, including several liberation movements, proved lukewarm to Nkrumah’s accelerated plans towards African unity. Nevertheless, at the time of the coup (February 1966), the Ghanaian president still had a significant following amongst African freedom fighters.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matteo Grilli
    • 1
  1. 1.University of the Free StateBloemfonteinSouth Africa

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