Black Creativity in Jamaica and Its Global Influences, 1930–1987
This essay explores the major institutions in Jamaica between 1930 and 1987 that represented Black creativity in that island nation. Marcus Garvey’s outfit, the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), and its philosophy of Black redemption, laid the foundation for the emergence of other Black institutions such as Rastafarianism, Reggae music, Dub poetry, popularized by eminent artists such as Bob Marley, Peter Tosh, Jimmy Cliff, Matubruka, among others. Through many years of gestation in Jamaica, this Black creativity burst out of its rural base through the effort of these eminent artists and spread globally leading to its understanding as part of the themes in Black Studies. Written from a historical analytical perspective, this essay deepens our understanding of politics of creativity, resistance and social movements in Africa and African Diaspora.