Ambient Assisted Living: Systems Characterization
The AAL solutions, embedded in the older adults’ natural environment, should improve their functioning. For that, the developers should know and understand the needs of final users and their care providers (i.e. formal and informal care providers). It is necessary to go beyond the technology possibilities to reach the activities and participation for which final users need support, since the focus must be the person and not the technology.
Considering the diversity of AAL solutions, there is the need for a common language to facilitate the communication between different stakeholders (e.g. technology developers, care providers and end users) and the interoperability between different solutions and components.
The fundamental concepts of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) are related to the human functioning and performance in activities and participation. The existence of an international classification implies the existence of concepts able to provide a standardized language to all relevant stakeholders in the development and application of AAL solutions.
The next sections will present the type of AAL solutions developed in the past years, retrieved in the systematic review of the second chapter of this book, and will identify what type of activities and participation are supported by these systems. Afterwards, a classification of the AAL systems according to ICF concepts will be presented.
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