Ambient Assisted Living: Systematic Review

  • Alexandra QueirósEmail author
  • Nelson Pacheco da Rocha
Part of the Human–Computer Interaction Series book series (HCIS)


The active ageing paradigm aims to contribute to the expectation of a healthy, autonomous and independent life with quality. The technological solutions might have a key role in the promotion of human functioning and in the mitigation of disabilities, particularly those resulting from the natural ageing process.

The acceptance of AAL solutions is closely related to the quality of the available solutions, namely, in terms of intelligent functions for the users’ interaction. Therefore, the development of AAL solutions must consider the needs of the users in order to assist them in their daily activities, making their lives more comfortable and helping them to participate in all areas of life, as well as to be accepted and included.

In this context, it is relevant to know the recent developments in AAL and to discuss its future trends and challenges. Therefore, the authors systematically review and classify the AAL literature to establish the current position regarding the AAL services being developed, users’ involvement and evaluation methods.

Figure 2.7 presents the distribution of articles by the type of evaluation: 150 articles (i.e. approximately 56%) did not refer to any information about evaluation of AAL solution proposed, 56 articles (i.e. approximately 21%) referred to a conceptual validation of AAL solutions, 31 referred to prototype evaluations (i.e. approximately 12%) in controlled environments, and 20 (i.e. approximately 7%) referred to pilot experiences.

AAL solutions should maintain and increase human functionality through the integration of technology in the natural environment of the older person. The focus should be the person, not the technology, so it is necessary to develop AAL systems that can support users’ needs. Considering the relevance of AAL systems to the main objective of AAL, the characterization of AAL systems, found in this systematic review, will be presented in the next chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandra Queirós
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nelson Pacheco da Rocha
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Health Sciences SchoolUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.Institute of Electronics and Telematics Engineering of Aveiro (IEETA)University of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  3. 3.Medical Sciences DepartmentUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal

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