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Nanoantimicrobials Mechanism of Action

  • Manal Mostafa
  • Amal-Asran
  • Hassan Almoammar
  • Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

Understanding the molecular mode of actions of nanoantmicrobial will be helpful in creating viable administration systems to control critical pathogenic plant diseases. Similarly, the understanding of those mechanisms may assist to avoid resistance mechanisms, which are known and used in the case of pathogenic microorganisms. The potential mechanism of toxicity has been attributed to several possible mechanisms; the disintegration or arrival of particles from the nanoparticles inspire either provocative reaction, mitochondrial brokenness, interruption of cell layer respectability, oxidative pressure, protein or DNA degradation and harm, or reactive oxygen species (ROS) age, influencing the proteins and phospholipids and eventually causing cell passing. Specific attention was given to antimicrobial agents antimicrobial instruments with center around age of reactive oxygen species (ROS) including hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), OH-(hydroxyl radicals), and O2−2 (peroxide). ROS has been a major consideration for a few systems including cell wall harm because of NPs-restricted association and improved membrane permeability.

Keywords

Nanoantimicrobials Nanoparticles (NPs) Nanostructures Chitosan Nanocomposites Magnetic nanoparticles Bimetallic nanoparticles 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This research was supported by the Science and Technology Development Fund (STDF), Joint Egypt (STDF)-South Africa (NRF) Scientific Cooperation, Grant ID 27837 to Kamel Abd-Elsalam.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manal Mostafa
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Amal-Asran
    • 3
  • Hassan Almoammar
    • 4
  • Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
    • 3
  1. 1.CIHEAM IAMB – Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of BariValenzanoItaly
  2. 2.Microbiology DepartmentFaculty of Agriculture, Cairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  3. 3.Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center (ARC)GizaEgypt
  4. 4.National Centre for Biotechnology, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST)RiyadhSaudi Arabia

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