Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in South Asian Americans

  • Suhaila KhanEmail author
  • Nilay Shah
  • Nisha Parikh
  • Divya Iyer
  • Latha Palaniappan
Part of the Cross-Cultural Research in Health, Illness and Well-Being book series (CCRHIWB)


Overweight and obesity are at the root of many serious health problems such as type 2 diabetes, coronary heart diseases, high blood pressure, stroke, some types of cancer, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, and infertility. This chapter focuses on type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other weight related conditions. Early detection, treatment and self-management reduce the risk of developing complications, improve quality of life and health outcomes. However, there are many barriers that prevent patients and providers from preventing and appropriately treating type 2 diabetes and/or cardiovascular disease in South Asian Americans. Having a high percentage of foreign-born immigrants, lack of health insurance, and lack of access to culturally and linguistically appropriate resources and care, and lack of race/ethnic specific cut points for obesity perpetuate this health disparity. Systemic and policy changes are necessary to raise awareness, address quality of care and access to service, and prevent future cases of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in South Asian Americans.


Obesity Diabetes Cardiovascular disease South Asian South Asian American 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suhaila Khan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nilay Shah
    • 2
    • 3
  • Nisha Parikh
    • 4
  • Divya Iyer
    • 5
  • Latha Palaniappan
    • 6
  1. 1.National Council of Asian Pacific Islander PhysiciansSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Stanford University Until Summer 2017StanfordUSA
  3. 3.Northwestern University Starting 2017ChicagoUSA
  4. 4.University of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA
  5. 5.University of Connecticut School of MedicineFarmingtonUSA
  6. 6.Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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