Urgent and Emergent Conversions in Robotic Surgery

  • Abigail J. B. Fong
  • Yuman Fong


Robotically assisted operations are now commonplace at many hospitals. Recent development of new instrumentation for robotic surgery and increasing expertise at many centers now allow the most intricate of operations to be accomplished by robotically assisted techniques. Esophagectomies, low anterior resections, hepatectomies, pancreaticoduodenectomies, and pneumonectomies are just some of the major operations routinely performed at specialty centers by robotically assisted techniques [1].


Robotic surgery Conversion Complications Complication management Rescue strategies 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abigail J. B. Fong
    • 1
  • Yuman Fong
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Washington Medical CenterSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryCity of Hope National Medical CenterDuarteUSA

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