Robotically-Assisted Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy (RAMIE): The Ivor Lewis Approach

  • Fernando M. SafdieEmail author
  • Nicholas R. Hess
  • Inderpal S. Sarkaria


The incidence of esophageal cancer has increased exponentially over the past three decades, particularly in the United States and other western countries, with rates of esophageal adenocarcinoma rising faster than rates for any other solid organ tumor [1, 2]. According to the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) database, an estimated 16,910 newly diagnosed cases and 15,690 deaths due to esophageal malignancy were expected in the United States in 2016. These estimates place esophageal cancer as the sixth most lethal cancer in both the United States and the rest of the world [3].


Esophageal cancer Esophagectomy Robotic-assisted surgery Minimally invasive esophagectomy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando M. Safdie
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nicholas R. Hess
    • 2
  • Inderpal S. Sarkaria
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cardiothoracic SurgeryUniversity of Pittsburgh Medical CenterPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.University of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

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