Achalasia is the most common primary motility disorder of the esophagus and the second most common functional disorder of the esophagus requiring operative treatment. Diagnosis is made on the basis of symptoms, barium esophagram, esophageal manometry, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Treatment options include medical, endoscopic, and surgical modalities. This chapter focuses on the surgical management of achalasia utilizing minimally invasive robotic Heller myotomy with partial fundoplication. Patient outcomes and costs for minimally invasive robotic Heller myotomy with partial fundoplication are discussed in comparison with open and laparoscopic approaches.
KeywordsAchalasia Robotic Heller myotomy Partial fundoplication Outcomes Operative technique Complications