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Robot-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy

  • Jaspreet Singh Parihar
  • Clayton Lau
Chapter

Abstract

In the United States, the annual incidence of renal cancers is approximately 61,560, and 14,080 die of the disease. The lifetime probability of developing invasive renal cancer is 2% in males and 1.2% in females [1]. Although recent advances in systemic and targeted immunotherapies have improved long-term survival in patients, surgical extirpation still offers the best chance for cure in localized disease. Other treatment approaches such as active surveillance, radiofrequency ablation, and cryotherapy may be appropriate for patients who are unfit for surgery or who have competing comorbidities. Surgical options for renal tumors include partial and radical nephrectomy. Nephron-sparing surgery (NSS), as allowed by the tumor characteristics and patient comorbidities, is the preferred approach for small renal masses. NSS may delay the onset of chronic kidney disease, associated cardiovascular events, and mortality, while providing equivalent oncologic results [2, 3]. Partial nephrectomy has become the standard of care for T1 tumors (≤7 cm in size).

Keywords

Partial nephrectomy Nephrectomy Renal Kidney Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy Robotic partial nephrectomy 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Urology and Urologic OncologyCity of Hope National Medical CenterDuarteUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryCity of Hope National Medical CenterDuarteUSA

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