Specific Musculoskeletal Adaptations in Pregnancy: Pelvic Floor, Pelvic Girdle, and Low Back Pain: Implications for Physical Activity and Exercise



Pregnancy and childbirth bring along several changes to a woman’s body, especially to the musculoskeletal system. Pregnancy represents a window of opportunity for the adoption of an active and healthy lifestyle, but it is also a risk period for musculoskeletal disorders, impairments, and other discomforts. This chapter addresses the evidence-based knowledge on the most prevalent pelvic floor muscle dysfunction (urinary incontinence), diastasis recti abdominis, pregnancy-related low back pain, and/or pelvic girdle pain, since these factors are reported to have a negative effect on daily activities. The chapter also provides recommendations for treatment of such disorders and guidance on how to recover functional capacity.


Pregnancy Postpartum Pelvic floor Low back pain Pelvic girdle pain Physical activity Exercise 


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Further Reading

  1. Fitzgerald CM, Segal NA, editors. Musculoskeletal health in pregnancy and postpartum. Cham: Springer; 2015.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sports MedicineNorwegian School of Sport SciencesOsloNorway
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyAkershus University HospitalLørenskogNorway
  3. 3.Division of Orthopaedic SurgeryOslo University HospitalOsloNorway
  4. 4.Department of PhysiotherapyOsloMet-Oslo Metropolitan University (Former: Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences)OsloNorway

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