The Fundamental of Electrodynamics

  • Bahman Zohuri


Electromagnetism is one of the four fundamental interactions of nature, along with strong interactions, weak interactions, and gravitation. It is the force that causes electrically charged particles to interact; the areas in which this happens are called electromagnetic fields. Electromagnetism is the force responsible for practically all the phenomena encountered in daily life (with the exception of gravity). Ordinary matter takes its form as a result of intermolecular forces in matter.


  1. 1.
    D. Griffiths, Introduction to Electrodynamics, 3rd edn. (Prentice Hall, New York, 1999) Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R.M. Lambert et al., J. Phys. E: Sci. Instrum., 2799–2801.
  3. 3.
    J.R. Reitz, F.J. Milford, R.W. Christy, Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory, 3rd edn. (Addison Wesley, Reading, 1979). Section 17-5Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. Eyges, The Classical Electromagnetic Field (Dover Publication, New York, 1972)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M.B. James, D.J. Griffiths, Am. J. Physics 60, 309 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. Ashby, Am. J. Phys. 43, 553 (1975)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H.C. Ohanian, Am. J. Phys. 51, 1020 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. M. Hayes (ed.), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 78th edn. (CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, 1997)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    F.A. Jenkins, Fundamentals of Optics, 4th edn. (McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math, New York, 2001)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bahman Zohuri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of New Mexico, Galaxy Advanced Engineering, Inc.AlbuquerqueUSA

Personalised recommendations