Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory

  • Bahman Zohuri


To study the subject of a scalar wave and its physics as well as its behavior as a source driving various applications of energy, we need to have some understanding of the fundamental knowledge of electromagnetic theory; such background is essential. This chapter introduces Maxwell’s equations—particularly Ampère’s Law as part of his other equations. We mainly are concerned with the law’s missing term as part of the complete version of Maxwell’s equations. We also examine this law to show that it sometimes fails, and to find a generalization that always is valid in classical electromagnetics, whereas it fails in electrodynamics because of the missing term, which is an important factor to develop the basic scalar wave equation [1].


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bahman Zohuri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of New Mexico, Galaxy Advanced Engineering, Inc.AlbuquerqueUSA

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