Critical Condition of Bow-Shock Instability Around Edged Blunt Body

  • N. OhnishiEmail author
  • Y. Inabe
  • K. Ozawa
  • K. Ohtani
Conference paper


Critical condition of a bow-shock instability was experimentally investigated for a low specific heat ratio flow in a ballistic range with different gas species and Mach numbers. Unstable shock surfaces were observed in front of an edged blunt body by shadowgraph images as predicted in advance by numerical simulations, and a disturbed flow appeared in the downstream even if the flow condition was close to the critical one. A numerically predicted critical curve in a parameter space of specific heat ratio and Mach number indicated that the instability can be found in a low specific heat ratio and high Mach number flow, being consistent with the present experiments. The density ratio of 10.5 across the shock front is similar to the critical curve; therefore, larger one may be an ingredient to make a bow-shock wave unstable.


  1. 1.
    A.S. Baryshnikov, A.P. Bedin, V.G. Maslennikov, G.I. Mishin, Stability of a bow shock. Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 5, 113–114 (1979)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A.S. Baryshnikov, Baroclinic turbulence of dissociating gas as a reason for instability of bow shock wave. Phys. Scr. T132, 014007 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Ohnishi, Y. Sato, Y. Kikuchi, K. Ohtani, K. Yasue, Bow-shock instability induced by Helmholtz resonator-like feedback in slipstream. Phys. Fluids 27, 066103 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y. Sato, K. Yasue, N. Ohnishi, Numerical simulation of bow-shock instability around circular cone, in Proceedings of 20th International Shock Interaction Symposium, 2012, pp. 157–160Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Sato, Y. Suzuki, K. Yasue, N. Ohnishi, Three-dimensional simulation of bow-shock instability using discontinuous Galerkin method, in Proceedings of 28th International Symposium on Shock Waves, ed. by K. Kontis, vol. 1 (Springer, New York, 2012), pp. 1027–1033Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Y. Kikuchi, N. Ohnishi, K. Ohtani, Experimental demonstration of bow-shock instability and its numerical analysis. Shock Waves 27, 423–430 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Numata, K. Ohtani, M. Anyoji, K. Takayama, M. Sun, Experimental study of hypervelocity impacts at low temperatures. Shock Waves 18, 169–183 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.H.G. Hornung, P. Lemieux, Shock layer instability near the Newtonian limit of hypervelocity flows. Phys. Fluids 13, 2394–2405 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Aerospace EngineeringTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Fluid ScienceTohoku UniversitySendai, MiyagiJapan

Personalised recommendations