Surface Jets Produced from an Underwater Shock Wave

  • B. W. SkewsEmail author
  • H. Karnovsky
Conference paper


Surface effects resulting from the impact of an underwater shock wave have previously mainly been studied as a consequence of underwater chemical or nuclear explosions. Of the many complex features that occur, one is the development of surface jets or plumes. This particular aspect is examined by applying a shock wave impulse to the bottom of a circular disk submerged in a water bath. Different strength shocks are used with different depths of water. It is demonstrated that a wide variety of jets and plumes may be generated.


  1. 1.
    R.H. Cole, Underwater Explosions (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1948)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    V.K. Kedrinskii, Hydrodynamics of Explosion (Springer, Berlin, 2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    F.A. Costanzo, Underwater explosion phenomena and shock physics, in Proceedings of IMAC-XXVIII, Society for Experimental Mechanics Inc. (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    K. Takayama, K. Ohtani, Applications of shock wave research to medicine, Computational Methods and Experimental Measurements XII, 653–661 (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Ichihara, M. Ripepe, A. Goto, H. Oshima, H. Aoyama, M. Iguchi, K. Tanaka, H. Taniguchi, Airwaves generated by an underwater explosion: Implications for volcanic infrasound. J. Geophys. Res. 114(b03210) (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    B.J.P. Mortimer, M. Draxl, B.W. Skews, The interaction of a shock pulse and a liquid-air boundary. J. South African Acoustic Institute 7, 1–6 (2000)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    B.W. Skews, H. Karnovsky, Surface jets resulting from a shock-accelerated submerged surface, 3rd ISISWR, Kleine H. (Ed.), Canberra (2006), Abstract onlyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Flow Research Unit, School of Mechanical, Industrial and Aeronautical EngineeringUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations