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US Hispanics and Preterm Births

  • Angela Bermúdez-Millán
  • Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

Preterm birth is the greatest contributor to infant deaths in the USA and globally, and those who survive a premature birth suffer from long-term morbidities and disabilities. Current research into the causes of preterm disparities commonly attempts to isolate the effect of a single factor, without accounting for the co-occurrence and potential interactions among multiple protective and risk factors (e.g., age, race, education). Preterm births are now understood to be the result of several risk factors operating at multiple levels and across the life course. Among Hispanic women, maternal socio-demographic characteristics, medical and pregnancy-related conditions, maternal lifestyle, and acculturation are risk factors for preterm delivery. Vitamin D deficiency, which is common during pregnancy, is a risk factor for preterm delivery and is also more prevalent among Hispanic compared with non-Hispanic White women. Further research is needed to better understand if and how vitamin D deficiency and other nutrition-related risk factors may increase risk of premature birth among Hispanic women.

Keywords

Health disparities Hispanics Preterm births Risk factors Vitamin D deficiency 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Bermúdez-Millán
    • 1
  • Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Community Medicine and Health CareSchool of Medicine, University of Connecticut Health CenterFarmingtonUSA
  2. 2.Office of Public Health PracticeYale School of Public HealthNew HavenUSA
  3. 3.Global Health ConcentrationYale School of Public HealthNew HavenUSA
  4. 4.Department of Social and Behavioral SciencesYale School of Public HealthNew HavenUSA

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