Prelude to the Green Movement
This chapter discusses the end of an era and the beginning of a new phase of the reform movement. Considering the important political developments of the 2000s, such as the parliamentary and presidential elections of 2004, 2005, 2008, the aim here is to give a picture of the polity and society that Khamenei and his loyalists have been trying to establish and maintain. The government strategy has been to rule by fear in a society that is tired of violence. The government’s main approach to controlling society has been through Islamicization. This process has led to the shaping of a police state that does not tolerate any dissidence. The last section of this chapter deals with the challenges of Iran’s foreign policy for the nation as a whole and for the reform movement. Iran’s foreign policy is directly under the influence of its domestic policies and this in turn has had an influential impact on political processes in the country.