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Protection: Defensible Spaces

  • Peter Lehr
Chapter
Part of the Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications book series (ASTSA)

Abstract

In this chapter, I discuss passive and mostly ‘low-tech’ defences in the shape of barricades (i.e. counter-intrusion devices) and citadels (i.e. facilities hardened against terrorist or criminal attacks). After all, in my opinion, these modern avatars of time-honoured brick-and-mortar curtain walls still have a formidable role to play in the times of global terrorism: basically, they are our last line of defence against terrorists who have managed to evade all other high-tech measures described above without being detected and are now ready to strike. Hence, I will take a look at modern city walls such as the City of London’s ‘Ring of Steel’/Ring of Glass’, at modern citadels such as One World Trade Center in New York, and at barricades (temporarily) deployed to deny access to certain areas.

Keywords

City wall Ring of steel Ring of glass Ring of plastic Citadels Residential communities Barricades Bollards Public Space 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Lehr
    • 1
  1. 1.CSTPV, School of International RelationsUniversity of St. AndrewsSt AndrewsUK

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