Advertisement

The Contingent and Contextual Resources of Identity Construction

  • Alistair Ross
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Politics of Identity and Citizenship Series book series ( CAL)

Abstract

Young people’s political involvement and interest is often assumed to be low, and their political views seen as no more than repeated opinions from parents or the media: this chapter challenges these assumptions. It firstly examines the contingent and contextual resources used by young people to construct narratives of political identity: their knowledge of local society and of recent events shows their facility to harness and reflect on contemporary events in actively constructing personal narratives. Secondly, the chapter examines how media were used to support narratives of the socio-political, including traditional and new social media. Most young people were critically reflective about the media, showing a level of sophistication that does not always seem to be recognised. Thirdly, this chapter examines some of the other social contexts in which these political constructions might be being made: these resources are interwoven into coherent narratives in the context of a particular moment of discussion, with family, friends, and sometimes with teachers.

Bibliography

  1. ACT (Association for Citizenship Teaching). 2017. The Deliberative Classroom: General Guidance. London: ACT/Middlesex University.Google Scholar
  2. Adelson, Joseph and Robert O’Neil. 1996. “Growth of Political Ideas in Adolescence: The Sense of Community.” Journal of Personal and Social Psychology 4 (3): 295–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Balkan Transitional Justice. 2012 “Comment: Who Wants War in Macedonia?”. 14 March 2012. http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/who-wants-war-in-macedonia.
  4. Bartsch, Matthias and Anna Clauß. 2016. “The Case of the Murdered Goats: Exploring Germany’s Far-Right Rumor Mill.” Speigel-On-line, 5 January 2016. http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/far-right-misinformation-stokes-anti-refugee-sentiment-a-1070413.html.
  5. Bennett, Lance, Chris Wells and Allison Rank. 2009. Young Citizens and Civic Learning: Two Paradigms of Citizenship in the Digital Age. Citizenship Studies 13 (2): 105–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Berti, Anna-Emilia. 1998. “The Development of Political Understanding in Children Between 6–15 Years Old.” Human Relations 41 (6): 437–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brooks, Rachel. 2009. “Young People and Political Participation: an analysis of European Union policies.” Sociological Research Online 14 (1) 7. www.socresonline.org.uk/14/1/7.html.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Buckingham, David. 1999. Young People, Politics and News Media: Beyond Political Socialisation. Oxford Review of Education 25 (1–2): 171–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Buckingham, David. 2000. The Making of Citizens: Young People, News and Politics. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Chaffee, Steven, Jack McCleud and Daniel Wackman. 1973. “Family Communication Patterns and Adolescent Political Participation.” In Socialisation to Politics: A Reader, edited by Jack Dennis, 359–364. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  11. Coles, Robert. 1986. The Political Life of Children. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  12. Euractiv. 2015. “Hungary’s Orbán Angers EU Over Death Penalty, Migrants.” Euractiv, 20 May 2015. http://www.euractiv.com/section/migrations/news/hungary-s-orban-angers-eu-over-death-penalty-migrants/.
  13. Furnham, Adrian and Barrie Stacey. 1991. Young People’s Understanding of Society. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. García-Albacete, Gema. 2014. Young People’s Political Participation in Western Europe: Continuity or Generational Change? Basingstoke: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Greenstein, Fred, Valentine Herman, Robert Stradling and Elia Zureik. 1974. “The Child’s Conception of the Queen and the Prime Minister.” British Journal of Political Science 4 (3): 257–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hahn, Carole. 1998. Becoming Political: Comparative Perspectives on Citizenship Education. New York, NY: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  17. Hively, Myiah and William Eveland. 2009. “Contextual Antecedents and Political Consequences of Adolescent Political Discussion, Discussion Elaboration, and Network Diversity.” Political Communications 26 (1): 30–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Irwin, Zachyary. 2010. “Macedonia Since 1989.” In Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989, edited by Sabrina Ramet, 328–357. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jerome, Lee and Bhavini Algarra. 2005. “Debating Debating: A Reflection on the Place of Debate Within Secondary Schools.” The Curriculum Journal 16 (4): 493–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Keating, Avril and Gabriella Melis. 2017. “Social Media and Youth Political Engagement: Preaching to the Converted, or Providing a New Voice for Youth?” British Journal of Politics and International Relations 19 (4): 877–894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Livingstone, Sonia (editor). 2005. Audiences and Publics: When Cultural Engagement Matters for the Public Sphere. Bristol: Intellect Press.Google Scholar
  22. Livingstone, Sonia and Julian Sefton-Green. 2016. The Class: Living and Learning in the Digital Age. New York, NY: New York University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Millei, Zsuzsa and Robert Imre (editors). 2016. Children and Nation: Interdisciplinary Engagements. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  24. Mycock, Andrew and Jonathan Tonge (editors). 2012. “The Party Politics of Youth Citizenship and Democratic Engagement.” Parliamentary Affairs 65 (1): 138–161.Google Scholar
  25. Mycock, Andrew and Jonathan Tonge (editors). 2014. Beyond the Youth Citizenship Commission: Young People and Politics. London: Political Studies Association.Google Scholar
  26. O’Loughlin, Ben and Marie Gillespie. 2012. “Dissenting Citizenship? Young People and Political Participation in the Media-Security Nexus.” Parliamentary Affairs 65 (1): 115–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Perloff, Richard. 2014. The Dynamics of Political Communication: Media and Politics in a Digital Age. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  28. Prout, Alan. 2000. “Children’s Participation: Control and Self-Realisation in British Late Modernity.” Children & Society 14 (4): 304–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Quintelier, Ellen. 2007. “Differences in Political Participation Between Young and Old People.” Contemporary Politics 13 (2): 165–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ramet, Sabrina. 2010a. “Politics in Croatia Since 1990.” In Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989, edited by Sabrina Ramet, 258–285. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ross, Alistair, Saša Puzić and Karin Doolan. 2017. “Balkan and European? Place Identifications of Young People in Croatia.” Revija Za Sociologiju 47 (2): 125–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sherr, Sonia. 2009. Dutch Lawmaker Brings His Anti-Muslim Spiel to U.S. Southern Poverty Law Center. https://www.splcenter.org/hatewatch/2009/10/20/dutch-lawmaker-brings-his-anti-muslim-spiel-us.
  33. Spajic-Vrkas, Vedrana. 2016. “Citizenship Education in Croatia”. Paper given at the Networking European Citizenship Education Conference, Zagreb, October 2016. www.bpb.de/system/files/dokument_pdf/CE_Croatia.pdf.
  34. Spencer, Robert. 2016. “Muslim Group Says Germany Must Ban Alcohol If They Want to Prevent Further Sex Attacks.” Jihad Watch, 23 January 2016. https://www.jihadwatch.org/2016/01/muslim-group-says-germany-must-ban-alcohol-if-they-want-to-prevent-further-sex-attacks.
  35. Stan, Lavinia. 2010. “Romania: In the Shadow of the Past.” In Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989, edited by Sabrina Ramet, 379–400. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Stevens, Olive. 1982. Children Talking Politics: Political Learning in Childhood. Oxford: Martin Robertson.Google Scholar
  37. The Local. 2014. “Russian Jets Spotted in Swedish Airspace.” The Local Europe, 18 September 2014. http://www.thelocal.se/20140918/russian-jets-violate-swedish-airspace-report.
  38. Tomanović, Smiljka. 2012. “Young People in Serbia: A Review of Two Decades.” In 1989 – Young People and Social Change After the Fall of the Berlin Wall, edited by Carmen Leccardi, Carles Feixa, Siyka Kovacheva, Herwig Reiter and Tatjana Sekulić, 143–158. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing.Google Scholar
  39. Zukin, Cliff, Scott Keeter, Molly Andolina, Krista Jenkins and Michael Delli Carpini. 2006. A New Engagement? Political Participation, Civic Life, and the Changing American Citizen. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alistair Ross
    • 1
  1. 1.London Metropolitan UniversityLondonUK

Personalised recommendations