Reflecting on experiences of homesickness, this chapter explores ideas of longing, home, place, and identity through encounters with land and sea. It interrogates islandness and island identity, looking in particular at the intricate dynamics of colonialism, history, and belonging in Newfoundland. Following the work of Vicki Hallett, Jennifer Bowering Delisle, Ursula Kelly, and Susan M. Manning, this chapter highlights Indigenous histories in an effort to challenge Newfoundlanders’ white settler identity, which relies on the active erasure of long Indigenous presence on the island, and on settler claims to indigeneity. This chapter argues for a more complicated engagement with island identity, one that is attentive to the complex relationships between past, present, and future.
KeywordsIslandness Identity Belonging Colonialism Self-indigenization
- Alexander, M. Jacqui. 2006. Pedagogies of crossing: Meditations on feminism, sexual politics, memory, and the sacred. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
- Anzaldúa, Gloria. 2012. Borderlands/La frontera: The new mestiza. 4th ed. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.Google Scholar
- Brand, Dionne. 2001. A map to the Door of No Return: Notes to belonging. Toronto: Vintage Canada.Google Scholar
- Buss, Helen M./ Margaret Clarke. 1999. Memoirs from away: A new found land girlhood. Waterloo: Wilfred Laurier University Press.Google Scholar
- Conkling, Philip. 2007. On islanders and islandness. The Geographical Review 97 (2): 191–201. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1931-0846.2007.tb00398.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Delisle, Jennifer Bowering. 2006. Nation, indigenization, the Beothuk: A Newfoundland myth of origin in Patrick Kavanagh’s Gaff topsails. Studies in Canadian Literature/Études en littérature canadienne 31 (2): 23–45.Google Scholar
- ———. 2008. A Newfoundland diaspora?: Moving through ethnicity and whiteness. Canadian Literature 196: 64–81.Google Scholar
- ———. 2013. The Newfoundland diaspora: Mapping the literature of out-migration. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.Google Scholar
- Gillis, John R. 2007. Island sojourns. The Geographical Review 97 (2): 274–287. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1931-0846.2007.tb00403.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Goldie, Terry. 1992. The man of the land/the land of the man: Patrick White and Scott Symons. SPAN 36. http://wwwmcc.murdoch.edu.au/ReadingRoom/litserv/SPAN/36/Goldie.html. Accessed 25 Aug 2017.
- Hallett, Vicki. 2010. Continuous erosion: Place and identity in the lives of Newfoundland women. In Despite this loss: Essays on culture, memory and identity in Newfoundland and Labrador, ed. Ursula A. Kelly and Elizabeth Yeoman, 74–90. St. John’s: ISER Books.Google Scholar
- ———. 2016. Cold water cowboys and Newfoundland masculinity. Acadiensis. https://acadiensis.wordpress.com/2016/06/13/cold-water-cowboys-and-newfoundland-masculinity/. Accessed 25 Aug 2017.
- Manning, Susan M. 2017. Contrasting colonisations: (Re)storying Newfoundland/Ktaqmkuk as place. Settler Colonial Studies. Online First. https://doi.org/10.1080/2201473X.2017.1327010.
- McDonald, Terry. 2006. Proud to be an islander: Newfoundland identity as revealed through Newfoundland song. Canadian Folk Music Bulletin 40 (2): 15–22.Google Scholar
- Olwig, Karen Fog. 2007. Islands as places of being and belonging. The Geographical Review 97 (2): 260–273. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1931-0846.2007.tb00402.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Philip, M. NourbeSe. 1997. A genealogy of resistance–And other essays. Toronto: Mercury Press.Google Scholar
- Pratt, Mary Louise. 2002. The arts of the contact zone. In Ways of reading: An anthology for writers, ed. David Bartholomae and Anthony Petrosky, 604–662. Boston: Bedford-St. Martin’s.Google Scholar
- Tilley, Susan. 2010. Re-searching ties to home: ‘Troubling’ notions of identity. In Despite this loss: Essays on culture, memory and identity in Newfoundland and Labrador, ed. Ursula A. Kelly and Elizabeth Yeoman, 127–136. St. John’s: ISER Books.Google Scholar
- Wah, Fred. 2006. Diamond grill. Edmonton: NeWest Press.Google Scholar
- Walcott, Derek. 2007. Selected poems. London: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.Google Scholar