Advanced Imaging Techniques Used in the Infertile Female

  • Erica Boiman JohnstoneEmail author
  • Jeffrey Dee Olpin


Radiologic imaging is a crucial part of the evaluation of women presenting with infertility. Imaging techniques that provide insight into causes and factors contributing to infertility include ultrasound, hysterosalpingography, hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography, and magnetic resonance imaging. In this chapter, we discuss imaging technologies for disorders of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries which may impact fertility and pregnancy outcomes, with consideration of test sensitivity and specificity, cost, discomfort, utilization of contrast media, and ionizing radiation. Hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography is an efficient modality for multiple aspects of female reproductive anatomy and is advocated as a first-line test for most infertile women. The specific questions and concerns for each patient should be considered to select the most appropriate test or sequence of tests.


Infertility Imaging Hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography Hysterosalpingography Ultrasound Recurrent pregnancy loss Uterine anomalies Asherman syndrome Leiomyoma Hydrosalpinx Ovary 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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