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Cholelithiasis, Cholecystitis, and Cholecystodochotomy During Pregnancy

  • Raymond J. Lanzafame
Chapter

Abstract

Pregnancy alters biliary physiology and promotes biliary sludge and gallstone formation. Although asymptomatic cholelithiasis occurs in approximately 3.5% of pregnancies, cholecystitis is common during pregnancy. Acute cholecystitis is the second most frequent non-obstetric emergency of pregnancy, with approximately 40% of acute cases requiring surgery. This chapter discusses the impact of pregnancy on the gallbladder and biliary physiology, evaluating the pregnant patient with right upper quadrant abdominal pain, and cholecystectomy in the gravid patient.

Keywords

Pregnancy Pregnancy complications Cholecystitis Cholelithiasis Biliary pancreatitis Surgery Laparoscopy Gallbladder Biliary colic Biliary physiology 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond J. Lanzafame
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Dental MedicineState University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Society of Laparoendoscopic SurgeonsRochesterUSA

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