Advertisement

Mutation Breeding in Ornamentals

  • Rusli Ibrahim
  • Zaiton Ahmad
  • Shakinah Salleh
  • Affrida Abu Hassan
  • Sakinah Ariffin
Chapter
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 11)

Abstract

Induced mutation technique is a valuable tool that has been exploited for ornamental breeding for the past 30 years. Mutation breeding has been more successful in ornamental plants because changes in phenotypic characteristics like flower color, shape and size, chlorophyll variegation in leaves, and growth habit can be easily detected. In addition, the heterozygous nature of many ornamental plants offers high mutation frequency. Since mutations are induced in single cells, irradiation of multicellular structures with chemical and physical mutagens will appear as chimeras. However, the use of in vitro culture using adventitious bud techniques has proven to be the most efficient method to avoid chimerism. Mutation by using X-rays and gamma rays has successfully produced a large number of new varieties in different ornamental plants which had been commercialized. Appropriate strategies in mutation induction such as the use of in vitro culture technique in combination with chronic gamma irradiation have proven to be an effective method of mutation induction to produce new promising mutant varieties of ornamentals over a short period of time. During the past two decades, ion beam radiation has emerged as an effective and unique mutagen for improvement in ornamental plants since it produces higher mutation frequencies compared to X-rays and gamma rays. Currently, interest in research has shifted toward the application of molecular breeding and genetic engineering for ornamental improvement, but both have their own advantages and disadvantages. Mutation breeding is still an attractive method for creating genetic variability and has become a routine technique in many vegetatively propagated ornamental plants.

Keywords

Adventitious buds Chimerism Chronic irradiation Genetic variability Mutagens Ornamental breeding 

References

  1. Abe T, Matsuyama T, Sekido S, Yamaguchi I, Yoshida S, Kameya T (2002) Chlorophyll-deficient mutants of rice demonstrated the deletion of a DNA fragment by heavy-ion irradiation. J Radiat Res 43(Suppl):S157–S161PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Affrida AH, Sakinah A, Zaiton A, Mohd Nazir B, Tanaka A, Narumi I, Oono Y, Hase Y (2008) Mutation induction in orchids using ion beams. JAEA Takasaki Annu Rep 2007:61Google Scholar
  3. Ahloowalia BS (1998) In-vitro techniques and mutagenesis for the improvement of vegetatively propagated plants. In: Jain SM, Brar DS, Ahloowalia BS (eds) Somaclonal variation and induced mutations in crop improvement. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 293–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ahloowalia BS, Maluszynski M (2001) Induced mutations – a new paradigm in plant breeding. Euphytica 118:167–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ahloowalia BS, Maluszynski M, Nichterlein K (2004) Global impact of mutation-derived varieties. Euphytica 135(2):187–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Arisumi T, Frazier LC (1968) Cytological and morphological evidence for the single-cell origin of vegetatively propagated shoots in thirteen species of Saintpaulia treated with colchicines. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 93:679–685Google Scholar
  7. Banerji BK, Datta SK, Sharma SC (1994) Gamma irradiation studies on gladiolus cv. White Friendship. J Nucl Agric Biol 23(3):127–133Google Scholar
  8. Blakely EA (1992) Cell inactivation by heavy charged particles. Radiat Environ Biophys 31:181–196PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bottino PJ, Sparrow AH, Schwemmer SS, Thompson KH (1975) Interrelation of exposure and exposure rate in germinating seeds of barley and its concurrence with dose-rate theory. Radiat Bot 15:17–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Broertjes C (1966) Mutation breeding of chrysanthemums. Euphytica 15(2):156–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Broertjes C (1968a) Mutation breeding of vegetatively propagated crops. In: 5th Congress of the European Association for Research on Plant Breeding, 30.9-2.10, Milano, pp 139–165Google Scholar
  12. Broertjes C (1968b) Dose-rate effects in Saintpaulia. In: Mutations in plant breeding II. Proceedings of a panel, Vienna, 11–15 September 1967, Jointly organized by the IAEA and FAO, IAEA Vienna, pp 63–71Google Scholar
  13. Broertjes C, Van Harten AM (1978) Application of mutation breeding methods in the improvement in vegetatively propagated crops. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam., 353ppGoogle Scholar
  14. Broertjes C, Keen A (1980) Adventitious shoots: do they develop from one cell? Euphytica 29:73–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Broertjes C, Van Harten AM (1988) Applied mutation breeding for vegetatively propagated crops. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co, Amsterdam. 345ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Broertjes C, Verboom H (1974) Mutation breeding of Alstroemeria. Euphytica 23:39–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Broertjes C, Haccius B, Weidlich S (1968) Adventitious bud formation on isolated leaves and its significance for mutation breeding. Euphytica 22:415–423Google Scholar
  18. Broertjes C, Roest S, Bokelmann GS (1976) Mutation breeding of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. using in vivo and in vitro adventitious bud techniques. Euphytica 25:11–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Broetrjes C, Koene P, Van Veen JWH (1980) A mutant of a mutant of a mutant of a...: Irradiation of progressive radiation-induced mutants in a mutation-breeding programme with Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. Euphytica 29:525–530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Cassels AC, Walsh PC (1993) Diplontic selection as a positive factor in determining the fitness of mutants of Dianthus ‘Mystere’ derived from X-irradiation of nodes in in vitro culture. Euphytica 70:167–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Chakrabarty D, Mandal AKA, Datta SK (1999) Management of chimera through direct shoot regeneration from florets of chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.). J Hortic Sci Biotechnol 74:293–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Chatterjee J, Mandal AKA, Ranade SA, Teixeira da Silva JA, Datta SK (2006) Molecular systematics in Chrysanthemum x grandiflorum (Ramat.) Kitamura. Sci Hortic 110:373–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Chinone S, Tokuhiro K, Nakatsubo K, Hase Y, Narumi I (2008) Mutation induction on Delphinium and Limonium sinuatum irradiated with ion beams. JAEA Takasaki Annu Rep 2007:68Google Scholar
  24. Constantin MJ (1984) Potential of in vitro mutation breeding for the improvement of vegetatively propagated crop plants, pp 59–77. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria. Induced mutations for crop improvement in Latin America, Vienna, AustriaGoogle Scholar
  25. Dao TB, Nguyen PD, Do QM, Vu TH, Le TL, Nguyen TKL, Nguyen HD, Nguyen XL (2006) In vitro mutagenesis of chrysanthemum for breeding. Plant Mutat Rpt 1:26–27Google Scholar
  26. Das PK, Ghosh P, Dube S, Dhua SP (1974) Induction of somatic mutations in some vegetatively propagated ornamentals by gamma radiation. Technology (Coimbatore, India) 11(2&3):185–188Google Scholar
  27. Datta SK (1988) Chrysanthemum varieties evolved by induced mutations at Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow. Chrysanthemum 44(1):72–75Google Scholar
  28. Datta SK (1992) Mutation studies on double bracted Bougainvillea at National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI), Lucknow, India. Mutat Breed Newsl 39(January):8–9Google Scholar
  29. Datta SK (2006) Parameters for detecting effects of ionizing radiations on plants. In: Tripathi RD, Kulshreshtha K, Agrawal M, Ahmad KJ, Varshney CK, Krupa SV, Pushpangadan P (eds) Plant responses to environmental stress. International Book Distributing Cp, Lucknow, pp 257–265Google Scholar
  30. Datta SK (2009a) A report on 36 years of practical work on crop improvement through in induced mutagenesis. In: Shu QY (ed) Induced plant mutations in the genomic era. Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, pp 253–256Google Scholar
  31. Datta SK (2009b) Role of classical mutagenesis for development of new ornamental varieties. In: Shu QY (ed) Induced plant mutations in the genomics era. Proceedings of an international joint FAO/IAEA symposium. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria, pp 300–2Google Scholar
  32. Datta SK, Banerji BK (1990) “Los Banos Variegata” – new double bracted chlorophyll variegated bougainvillea induced by gamma rays. J Nucl Agric Biol 19(2):134–136Google Scholar
  33. Datta SK, Banerji BK (1994) ‘Mahara variegata’ – a new mutant of bougainvillea. J Nucl Agric Biol 23(2):114–116Google Scholar
  34. Datta SK, Chakrabarty D, Mandal AKA (2001) Gamma ray induced genetic variation and their manipulation through tissue culture. Plant Breed 120:91–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Datta SK, Misra P, Mandal AKA (2005) In vitro mutagenesis – a quick method for establishment of solid mutant in chrysanthemum. Curr Sci 88(1):155–158Google Scholar
  36. Doorenbos J (1973) Breeding ‘Elatior’ begonia (Begonia x hiemalis Fotsch). Acta Hortic 31:127–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Doorenbos J, Karper JJ (1975) X-ray induced mutations in Begonia x Hiemalis. Euphytica 24(1):13–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Dowrick GJ, Bayoumi AE (1966) The induction of mutations in chrysanthemum using X- and gamma radiation. Euphytica 15:204–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Dube S, Das PK, Dev AK, Bid NN (1980) Varietal improvement of Dahlia by gamma irradiation. Indian J Hortic 37(1):82–87Google Scholar
  40. Fang JY (2011) In vitro mutation induction of Saintpaulia using ethyl methane sulfonate. Hortscience 46(7):981–984Google Scholar
  41. FAO/IAEA (1977) Manual on mutation breeding second edition. Technical reports series No. 119. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 288ppGoogle Scholar
  42. FAO/IAEA (2011) Mutation induction for breeding. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna. URL: http://mvgs.iaea.org/LaboratoryProtocols.aspx. Accessed 10 May 2011
  43. FAO/IAEA (2017) FAO/IAEA mutant variety database of the joint FAO/IAEA division of nuclear techniques in food and agriculture. Available online: http://mvd.iaea.org/. Accessed March 2017
  44. Fujii T, Ikenaga M, Lyman JT (1966) Radiation effects on Arabidopsis thaliana. II. Killing and mutagenic efficiencies of heavy ionizing particles. Radiat Bot 6:297–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Goodhead DT (1995) Molecular and cell models of biological effects of heavy ion radiation. Radiat Environ Biophys 34:67–72PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Gupta MN (1979) Improvement of some ornamental plants by induced somatic mutations at National Botanical Research Institute. In: Proceedings of symposium on the role of induced mutations in crop improvement, Sept. 10–13, Department of Genetics, Osmania University, Hyderabad, pp 75–92Google Scholar
  47. Gupta MN, Nath P (1977) Mutation breeding in bougainvillea II. Further experiments with varieties ‘Partha’ and ‘President Rosevilles Delight’. J Nucl Agric Biol 6:122–124Google Scholar
  48. Hamatani M, Iitsuka Y, Abe T, Miyoshi K, Yamamot M, Yoshida S (2001) Mutant flowers of dahlia (Dahlia pinnata Cav.) induced by heavy-ion beams. RIKEN Accel Prog Rep 34:169Google Scholar
  49. Hara Y, Abe T, Sakamoto K, Miyazawa Y, Yoshida S (2003) Effects of heavy-ion beam irradiation in rose (Rosa Hybrid cv. ‘Bridal Fantasy’). RIKEN Accel Prog Rep 36:135Google Scholar
  50. Hase Y, Yamaguchi M, Inoue M, Tanaka A (2002) Reduction of survival and induction of chromosome aberrations in tobacco irradiated by carbon ions with different LETs. Int J Radiat Biol 78:789–806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Heinze B, Schmidt J (1995) Mutation work with somatic embryogenesis in woody plants. In: Jain SM, Gupta K, Newton J (eds) Somatic embryogenesis in woody plants, vol 1. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 379–IAEA 1970398Google Scholar
  52. Hirono Y, Smith HH, Lyman JT, Thompson KH, Baum JW (1970) Relative biological effectiveness of heavy ions in producing mutations, tumors and growth inhibition in the crucifer plant, Arabidopsis. Radiat Res 44:204–223PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Ibrahim R, Mondelaers W, Debergh PC (1998) Effects of X-irradiation on adventitious buds regeneration from in vitro leaf explants of Rosa hybrid. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 54:37–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Iizuka M, Yoshihara R, Hase Y (2008) Development of commercial variety of Osteospermum by a stepwise mutagenesis by ion beam irradiation. JAEA Takasaki Annu Rep 2007:65Google Scholar
  55. Jacobs M (2005) Comparaison de l’action mutagen d’agents alkylants et des radiations gamma chez Arabidopsis thaliana. Radiat Bot 9:251–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Jain SM (2006) Mutation-assisted breeding for improving ornamental plants. In: Proceedings of the 22nd international Eucarpia symposium section ornamentals: breeding for beauty. Issue 714, pp 85–98Google Scholar
  57. Jain SM (2010) Mutagenesis in crop improvement under the climate change. Rom Biotechnol Lett 15(2):88–106Google Scholar
  58. Jain SM, Spencer MM (2006) Biotechnology and mutagenesis in improving ornamental plants. In: Teixeira da Silva JA (ed) Floriculture, ornamental and plant biotechnology: AdVances and topical issues, vol 1. Global Science Books, Ilseworth, UK, pp 589–600Google Scholar
  59. Jerzy M, Zalewska M (1996) Polish varieties of Dendranthema grandiflora Tzvelev and Gerbera jamesonii Bolus bred in vitro by induced mutations. Mutat Breed Newsl 42:19Google Scholar
  60. Kanaya T, Saito H, Hayashi Y, Fukunishi N, Ryuto H, Miyazaki K, Kusumi T, Abe T, Suzuki K (2008) Heavy-ion beam-induced sterile mutants of verbena (Verbena hybrida) with an improved flowering habit. Plant Biotechnol 25:91–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Kaul A, Kumar S, Thakur M, Ghani M (2011) Gamma ray induced in-vitro mutations in flower colour in Dendranthema grandiflora Tzelev. Floricult Ornament Bio-Technol 5:71–73Google Scholar
  62. Kharkwal MC, Shu QY (2009) The role of induced mutations in world food security. In: Shu QY (ed) Induced plant mutations in the genomics era. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, pp 33–38Google Scholar
  63. Killion DD, Constantin MJ (1971) Acute gamma irradiation of the wheat plant: effects of exposure, exposure rate, and developmental stage on survival, height, and grain yield. Radiat Bot 11:367–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Killion DD, Constantin MJ, Siemer EG (1971) Acute gamma irradiation of the soybean plant: effects of exposure, exposure rate and developmental stage on growth and yield. Radiat Bot 11:225–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Kumar G, Yadav RS (2010) Induced intergenomic chromosomal rearrangements in Sesamum indicum L. Cytologia 75(2):157–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Kumar S, Prasad KV, Choudhary ML (2006) Detection of genetic variability among chrysanthemum radiomutants using RAPD markers. Curr Sci 90:1108–1113Google Scholar
  67. Lagoda PJL (2009) Networking and fostering cooperation in plant genetics and breeding. Role of the joint FAO/IAEA division. In: Shu QY (ed) Induced plant mutations in the genomics era. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, pp 27–30Google Scholar
  68. Lai YP, Huang J, Li J, Wu ZR (2004) A new approach to random mutagenesis in vitro. Biotechnol Bioeng 86(6):622–627PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Lamseejan S, Jompuk P, Wongpiyasatid A, Deeseepan S, Kwanthammachart P (2000) Gamma-rays induced morphological changes in chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium). Kasetsart J (Nat Sci) 34:417–422Google Scholar
  70. Lamseejan S, Jompuk P, Deeseepan S (2003) Improvement of chrysanthemum var. ‘Taihei’ through in vitro induced mutation with chronic and acute gamma rays. J Nucl Soc Thail 2003(4):2–13Google Scholar
  71. Laneri U, Franconi R, Altavista P (1990) Somatic mutagenesis of Gerbera jamesonii hybrid: irradiation and in vitro culture. Acta Hortic 28:395–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Lett JT (1992) Damage to cellular DNA from particulate radiations, the efficacy of its processing and the radiosesitivity of mammalian cells. Radiat Environ Biophys 31:257–277PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Liew OW, Ching P, Chong J, Li B, Asundi AK (2008) Signature optical cues: emerging technologies for monitoring plant health. Sensors 8:3205–3239PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Magori S, Tanaka A, Kawaguchi M (2010) Physical induced mutations: ion beam mutagenesis. In: Kahl G, Meksem K (eds) The handbook of plant mutation screening. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  75. Maluszynski M, Ahloowalia BS, Sigurbjörnsson B (1995) Application of in vivo and in vitro mutation techniques for crop improvement. Euphytica 85:303–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Maluszynski M, Nichterlein K, Zanten V, Ahloowalia BS (2000) Officially released mutant varieties – the FAO/IAEA database. Mutat Breed Rev 12:1–84Google Scholar
  77. Mandal AKA, Chakrabarty D, Datta SK (2000a) Application of in vitro technique in mutation breeding of chrysanthemum. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 60:33–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Mandal AKA, Chakrabarty D, Datta SK (2000b) In vitro isolation of solid novel flower colour mutants from induced chimeric ray florets of chrysanthemum. Euphytica 114:9–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Matsubara H, Suda H, Sawada Y, Nouchi I (1975) An-ozone-sensitive strain from the mutants induced by gamma ray irradiation of the Begonia rex, variety Winter Queen. Agric Hortic 50(6):811–812Google Scholar
  80. McCallum CM, Comai L, Greene EA, Henikoff S (2000a) Targeted screening for induced mutations. Nat Biotechnol 18(4):455–457CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. McCallum CM, Comai L, Greene EA, Henikoff S (2000b) Targeting induced local lesions in genomes (TILLING) for plant functional genomics. Plant Physiol 123(2):439–442PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Medina FIS, Amano E, Tano S. (2004) FNCA mutation breeding manual. Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia. URL: http://www.fnca.mext.go.jp/english/mb/mbm/e_mbm.html. Accessed 10 May 2011
  83. Mei M, Deng H, Lu Y, Zhuang C, Liu Z, Qiu Q, Qiu Y, Yang TC (1994) Mutagenic effects of heavy ion radiation in plants. Adv Space Res 14:363–372PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Micke A, Donini B, Maluszynski N (1990) Induced mutations for crop improvement. In: Mutation breeding review (FAO/IAEA), no. 7, Vienna (Austria), IAEA, p 41Google Scholar
  85. Mikkeksen JC, Ryan J, Constantin MJ (1975) Mutation breeding of Rieger’s Elatior begonias. Am Hortic 54(3):18–21Google Scholar
  86. Minano HS, Gonzalez-Benino ME, Martic C (2009) Molecular characterization and analysis of somaclonal variation in chrysanthemum varieties using RAPD markers. Sci Hortic 122:238–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Misra P, Datta SK, Chakbarty D (2004) Mutation in flower colour and shape of Chrysanthemum morifolium induced by gamma irradiation. Biol Plant 47:153–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Miyazaki K, Suzuki K, Abe T, Katsumoto Y, Yoshida S, Kusumi T (2002) Isolation of variegated mutants of Petunia hybrid using heavy-ion beam irradiation. RIKEN Accel Prog Rep 35:130Google Scholar
  89. Miyazaki K, Suzuki K, Iwaki K, Kusumi T, Abe T, Yoshida S, Fukui H (2006) Flower pigment mutations induced by heavy ion beam irradiation in an interspecific hybrid of Torenia. Plant Biotechnol 23:163–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Morita R, Kusaba M, Iida S, Yamaguchi H, Nishio T, Nishimura M (2009) Molecular characterization of mutations induced by gamma irradiation in rice. Genes Genet Syst 84:361–370PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Nagatomi S (2003) Development of flower mutation breeding through ion beam irradiation. Res J Food Agric 26:33–38Google Scholar
  92. Nagatomi S, Degi K (2009) Mutation breeding of Chrysanthemum by gamma field irradiation and in vitro culture. In: Shu QY (ed) Induced plant mutations in genomic era. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, pp 258–261Google Scholar
  93. Nagatomi S, Degi K, Yagaguchi M, Miyahira E, Skamoto M, Takaesu K (1993) Six mutant varieties of different flower colour induced by floral organ culture of chronically irradiated chrysanthemum plants. Tech News-Inst Radiat Breed 43:1–2Google Scholar
  94. Nagatomi S, Miyahira E, Degi K (1996a) Combined effect of gamma irradiation methods and in vitro explants sources on mutation induction of flower colour. Gamma field symposia No. 35, Institute of Radiation Breeding, NIAR, MAFF, JapanGoogle Scholar
  95. Nagatomi S, Miyahira E, Degi K (1996b) Induction of flower mutation comparing with chronic and acute gamma irradiation using tissue culture technique in Chrysanthemum morifolium. Ramat. Acta Hortic 508:69–73Google Scholar
  96. Nagatomi S, Tanaka A, Kato A, Watanabe H, Tano S (1996c) Mutation induction of chrysanthemum plants regenerated from in vitro cultured explants irradiated with C ion beam. TIARA Annu Rep 5:50–52Google Scholar
  97. Nagatomi S, Tanaka A, Tano S, Watanabe H (1997) Chrysanthemum mutants regenerated from in vitro explants irradiated with 12C5+ ion beam. Technical News of Institute of Radiation Breeding, No. 60Google Scholar
  98. Nagatomi S, Tanaka A, Watanabe H, Tano S (1998) Enlargement of potential chimera on Chrysanthemum mutants regenerated from 12C5+ ion beam irradiated explants. JAERI-Rev 97-015:48–50Google Scholar
  99. Nagatomi S, Miyahira E, Degi K (2000) Combined effect of gamma irradiation methods in vitro explant sources on mutation induction of flower colour in Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. Gamma field symposia, No. 35, 1996 Institute of Radiation Breeding, NIAR, MAFF, JapanGoogle Scholar
  100. Nagatomi S, Watanabe H, Tanaka A, Yamaguchi H, Degi K, Morishita T (2003) Six mutant varieties induced by ion beams in chrysanthemum. Institute of Radiation Breeding Technical News 65Google Scholar
  101. Nagayoshi S (2003) Radiation breeding in Kagoshima prefecture – breeding of ‘chrysanthemum with a few axillary flower buds’ by ion beams. Radiat Ind 98:10–16Google Scholar
  102. Okamura M, Yasuno N, Ohtsuka K, Tanaka A, Shikazono N, Hase Y (2003) Wide variety of flower-colour and –shape mutants regenerated from leaf cultures irradiated with ion beams. Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res B206:574–578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Okamura M, Tanaka A, Momose M, Umemoto N, Teixeira da Silva JA, Toguri T (2006) Advances of mutagenesis in flowers and their industrialization. In: da Silva JAT (d). Floriculture, ornamental and plant biotechnology Vol. I. Global Science Books, Isleworth, 619–628Google Scholar
  104. Pathirana R (2011) Plant mutation breeding in agriculture. Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, CAB 6, No. 032Google Scholar
  105. Predieri S, Zimmerman RH (2001) Pear mutagenesis: in vitro treatment with gamma-rays and field selection for productivity and fruit traits. Euphytica 3:217–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Rego LV, Faria RT (2001) Tissue culture in ornamental plant breeding review. Crop Breed Appl Biotechnol 1:285–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Rodrigo RL, Alvis HA, Neto TA (2004) In vitro mutation of chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflora Tzvelev) with ethyl methane sulphonate (EMS) in immature floral pedicels. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 77:103–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Sasaki K, Aida R, Niki T, Yamaguchi H, Narumi T, Nishijima T, Hayashi Y, Ryuto H, Fukunishi N, Abe T, Ohtsubo N (2008) High-efficiency improvement of transgenic torenia flowers by ion beam irradiation. Plant Biotechnol 25:81–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Schaart JG, Van de Wiel CCM, Lotz LAP, Smulders MJM (2016) Opportunities for products of new plant breeding techniques. Trends Plant Sci 21:438–448. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2015.11.006 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. Schum AR (2003) Mutation breeding in ornamentals: and efficient breeding method. Acta Hortic 612:47–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Schum A, Preil W (1998) Induced mutations in ornamental plants. In: Jain SM, Brar S, Ahloowli BS (eds) Somaclonal variation and induced mutations in crop improvement. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 333–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Shibata M, Kishimoto S, Hirai M, Aida R, Ikeda I (1998) Analysis of the periclinal chimeric structure of chrysanthemum sports by random amplified polymorphic DNA. Acta Hortic 454:347–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Shikazono N, Tanaka A, Kitayama S, Watanabe H, Tano S (2002) LET dependence of lethality in Arabidopsis thaliana irradiated by heavy ions. Radiat Environ Biophys 41:159–162PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Shikazono N, Yokota Y, Kitamura S, Suzuki C, Watanabe H, Tano S, Tanaka A (2003) Mutation rate and novel tt mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana induced by carbon ions. Genetics 163:1449–1455PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  115. Shu QY (2009) Turning plant mutation breeding into a new era: molecular mutation breeding. In: Shu QY (ed) Induced plant mutations in the genomic era. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, pp 425–427Google Scholar
  116. Simard MH, Michaux-Ferriera N, Silvy A (1992) Variations of carnation (Dianthus caryophllus L.) obtained by organogenesis from irradiated petals. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 29:37–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Sparrow AH, Sparrow RC, Schairer LA (1960) The use of x-rays to induce somatic mutations in Saintpaulia. Afr Violet Mag 13:32–37Google Scholar
  118. Sparrow AH, Rogers AF, Susan SS (1968) Radiosensitivity studies with woody plants. I. Acute gamma irradiation survival data for 28 species and prediction for 190 species. Radiat Bot 8:149–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Sripichtt P, Nawata E, Shigenaga S (1988) The effects of exposure dose and dose rate of gamma radiation on in vitro shoot-forming capacity of cotyledon explants in red pepper. Jpn J Breed 38:27–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Srivastava R, Datta SK, Sharma SC, Roy RK (2002) Gamma rays induced genetic variability in Bougainvillea. J Nucl Agric Biol 31(1):28–36Google Scholar
  121. Sugiyama M, Hayashi Y, Fukunishi N, Ryuto H, Terakawa T, Abe T (2008a) Development of flower colour mutant of Dianthus chinensis var. semperflorens by heavy-ion beam irradiation. RIKEN Accel Prog Rep 41:229Google Scholar
  122. Sugiyama M, Saito H, Ichida H, Hayashi Y, Ryuto H, Fukunishi N, Terakawa T, Abe T (2008b) Biological effects of heavy-ion beam irradiation on cyclamen. Plant Biotechnol 25:101–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Suprasanna P, Nakagawa H (2012) Mutation breeding of vegetatively propagated crops. In: Shu QY, Forster B, Nakagawa H (eds) Plant mutation breeding and biotechnology. Joint FAO/IAEA Programme, Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, CABI, Wallingford, UK, pp 347–369Google Scholar
  124. Suprasanna P, Jain SM, Ochatt SJ, Kulkarni VM, Predieri S (2012) Applications of in vitro techniques in mutation breeding of vegetatively propagated crop. In: Shu QY, Forster B, Nakagawa H (eds) Plant mutation breeding and biotechnology. Joint FAO/IAEA Programme, Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, CABI, Wallingford, UK, pp 371–385Google Scholar
  125. Tanaka A (1999) Mutation induction by ion beams in Arabidopsis. Gamma Field Symp 38:19–27Google Scholar
  126. Tanaka A (2009) Establishment of ion beam technology for breeding. In: Shu QY (ed) Induced plant mutations in the genomics era. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, pp 216–219Google Scholar
  127. Tanaka A, Tano S, Chantes T, Yokota Y, Shikazano N, Watanabe H (1997) A new Arabidopsis mutant induced by ion beams affect flavonoid synthesis with spotted pigmentation in testa. Genes Genet Syst 72:141–148PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Tanaka A, Shikazono N, Hase Y (2010) Studies on biological effects of ion beams on lethality, molecular nature of mutation, mutation rate, and spectrum of mutation phenotype for mutation breeding in higher plants. J Radiat Res 51:223–233PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Teixeira da Silva JA (2004) Ornamental chrysanthemum: improvement by biotechnology. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 79:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Till BJ, Cooper J, Tai TH, Colowit P, Greene EA, Henikoff S et al (2007) Discovery of chemically induced mutations in rice by TILLING. BMC Plant Biol 7:19PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Ueno K, Nagayoshi S, Hase Y, Shikazono N, Tanaka A. 2003. Effects of ion beam irradiation on the mutation induction from chrysanthemum leaf disc culture. TIARA Annu Rep 2002. JAERI-Rev 2003-033: 52–54Google Scholar
  132. Ueno K, Nagayoshi S, Hase Y, Shikazono N, Tanaka A (2004) Additional improvement of chrysanthemum using ion beam re-irradiation. TIARA Annu Rep 2003. JAERI Rev 2004-025: 53–55Google Scholar
  133. Ueno K, Shirao T, Nagayoshi S, Hase Y, Tanaka A (2005) Additional improvement of Chrysanthemum using ion beam re-irradiation. TIARA Annu Rep 2004:60Google Scholar
  134. Van Harten AM (1998) Mutation breeding: theory and practical applications. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  135. Velmurugan M, Rajamani P, Paramaguru R, Gnanam JR, Bapu K, Harisudan C, Hemalatha P (2010) In vitro mutation in horticultural crops. Agric Rev 31(1):63–67Google Scholar
  136. Ward JF (1994) The complexity of DNA damage: relevance to biological consequences. Int J Radiat Biol 66:427–432PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Watanabe H, Toyota T, Emoto K, Yoshimatsu S, Hase Y, Kamisoyama S (2008) Mutation breeding of a new chrysanthemum variety by irradiation of ion beams to ‘Jinba’. JAEA Takasaki Annu Rep 2007:81Google Scholar
  138. Wi SG, Chung BY, Kim JH, Baek MH, Yang DH, Lee JW, Kim JS (2005) Ultrastructure changes of cell organelles in Arabidopsis stem after gamma irradiation. J Plant Biol 48(2):195–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Wolf K (1996) RAPD analysis of sporting and chimerism in chrysanthemum. Euphytica 89:159–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Yamaguchi H (2013) Characteristics of ion beams as mutagens for mutation breeding in rice and chrysanthemums. JARC 47(4):339–346. http://www.jircas.affrc.go.jp Google Scholar
  141. Yamaguchi H, Nagatomi S, Morishita T, Degi K, Tanaka A, Shikazono N, Hase S (2003) Mutation induced with ion beam irradiation in rose. Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res B206:561–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Yamaguchi H, Shimizu A, Degi K, Morishita T (2008) Effects of dose and dose rate of gamma ray irradiation on mutation induction and nuclear DNA content in chrysanthemum. Breed Sci 58:331–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Yamaguchi H, Shimizu A, Hase Y, Tanaka A, Shikazono N, Degi K, Morishita T (2010) Effect of ion beam irradiation on mutation induction and nuclear DNA content in chrysanthemum. Breed Sci 60:398–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Yang TC, Tobias CA (1979) Potential use of heavy-ion radiation in crop improvement. Gamma Field Symp 18:141–154Google Scholar
  145. Zaiton A, Affrida AH, Shakinah S, Nurul Hidayah M, Nozawa S, Narumi I, Hase Y, Oono Y (2014) Development of new Chrysanthemum morifolium Pink mutants through ion beam irradiation. JAEA Rev 2014-050:108Google Scholar
  146. Zalewska M, Jerzy M (1997) Mutation spectrum in Dendranthema grandiflora Tzvelev after in vivo and in vitro regeneration of plants from irradiated leaves. Acta Hortic 447:615–618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Zalewska M, Lema-Ruminska J, Miller N (2007) In vitro propagation using adventitious buds technique as a source of new variability in chrysanthemum. Sci Hortic 113:70–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Zalewska M. Miler N, Tymoszuk A, Drzewiecka B, Winiecki J (2010) Results of mutation breeding activity on Chrysanthemum × grandiflorum (Ramat.) Kitam. In Poland, EJPAU 13(4), 27. Available Online: http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume13/issue4/art-27.html

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rusli Ibrahim
    • 1
  • Zaiton Ahmad
    • 1
  • Shakinah Salleh
    • 1
  • Affrida Abu Hassan
    • 1
  • Sakinah Ariffin
    • 1
  1. 1.Malaysian Nuclear AgencyKajangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations