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Tulip

  • Teresa Orlikowska
  • Małgorzata Podwyszyńska
  • Agnieszka Marasek-Ciołakowska
  • Dariusz Sochacki
  • Roman Szymański
Chapter
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 11)

Abstract

The high popularity of tulips has created the need to breed new cultivars with new shapes, colors, and suitability for production. Here we describe the history of tulip production and breeding as well as their current position in horticulture. Breeding goals and methods to achieve the desired traits are detailed and discussed on the basis of tulip biology. Besides breeding for beauty, the current trend is focused on breeding for ecological reasons, including breeding for resistance to pathogenic fungi and viruses. Particular attention is paid to breeding methods: distant hybridization, mutation, and use of cytological and molecular markers that can shorten the selection process. As the time to obtain a new cultivar is lengthy, further information about the possibility of using plant tissue culture propagation of tulips is presented.

Keywords

Compatible and distant hybridization Breeding goals Cytological and molecular markers Micropropagation Mutagenesis Polyploidization Somaclones Sources of variability Tulipa 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teresa Orlikowska
    • 1
  • Małgorzata Podwyszyńska
    • 1
  • Agnieszka Marasek-Ciołakowska
    • 1
  • Dariusz Sochacki
    • 2
  • Roman Szymański
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Institute of HorticultureSkierniewicePoland
  2. 2.Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Departments of Ornamental PlantsWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Horticulture Farm Roman SzymańskiPoznańPoland

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