Advertisement

Fuchsia

  • Mario G. R. T. de Cooker
  • Edwin J. Goulding
  • Jan H. Waldenmaier
  • Paul E. Berry
Chapter
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 11)

Abstract

Fuchsia hybridization and selection of cultivars have been taking place since the 1830s. Much of it was carried out by early horticulturalists who were reluctant to divulge their sources or else more recently by amateur growers who were often opportunistic in their approaches and selection of material. Through DNA sequencing, we now have a fairly robust understanding of the evolution of the genus and how it can be divided into 12 sections, each containing one or more closely related species. This can help guide the selection of species for future hybridization work as well as to better understand the dynamics of some of the past crosses. The base chromosome number in Fuchsia is n = 11. The different ploidy levels in species and cultivars of Fuchsia are described, including how polyploids have been produced artificially through chemical treatment. A greater understanding of variation in flower color and search for novel colors can be gained by examination of anthocyanidin pigments. Fuchsia breeding has now shifted away from selection for cold tolerance toward utilization of a much wider array of intersectional crosses involving triphylla hybrids and smaller-flowered sections, as well as short-day-length (winter-flowering) species.

Keywords

Fuchsia Breeding Interspecific hybridization Anthocyanidins Flow cytometry Phylogenetics 

References

  1. Averett JE, Hahn WJ, Berry PE, Raven PH (1986) Flavonoids and flavonoid evolution in Fuchsia (Onagraceae). Am J Bot 73:1525–1534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Berry PE (1989) A systematic revision of the genus Fuchsia section Quelusia (Onagraceae). Ann Mo Bot Gard 76:532–584CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Berry PE, Hahn WJ, Sytsma KJ, Hal JC, Mast A (2004) Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of Fuchsia (Onagraceae) based on noncoding nuclear and chloroplast DNA data. Am J Bot 91:601–614CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Crowden RK, Wright JR, Harborne JB (1976) Anthocyanins of Fuchsia (Onagraceae). Phytochemistry 16:400–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. De Cooker MGRT (2016) The Fuchsia Breeders Initiative. 7:11–15Google Scholar
  6. Goulding EJ (ed) (2002) Fuchsias the complete guide. Batsford, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Henry IM, Dilkes BP, Young K, Watson B, Wu H, Comai L (2005) Aneuploidy and genetic variation in the Arabidopsis thaliana triploid response. Genetics 170:1979–1988CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Jordheim M, Lunder H, Skaar I, Andersen OM (2011) Anthocyanins from fuchsia flowers. Nat Prod Commun 6:35–40PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Ramsey J, Schemske DW (2002) Neopolyploidy in flowering plants. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 33:589–639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Rosema G (2001) Flow cytometry, a useful tool in determining the genome formula of a hybrid. J Fuchsia Res Int 1(2):22–24Google Scholar
  11. Thorne T (ed) (1964) Fuchsias for all purposes. Collingridge, London, pp 1–175Google Scholar
  12. Talluri RS (2007) Interspecific hybridisation in Fuchsia. Ph.D. thesis, School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, 1–215Google Scholar
  13. Talluri RS (2012) Interploidy interspecific hybridization in Fuchsia. J Genet 91:71–74CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Van Veen G (1992) Winterharde Fuchsia’s. Gottmer, Haarlem, pp 1–120Google Scholar
  15. Wood WP (1950) A Fuchsia survey. Benn, London, pp 1–182Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario G. R. T. de Cooker
    • 1
  • Edwin J. Goulding
    • 2
  • Jan H. Waldenmaier
    • 3
  • Paul E. Berry
    • 4
  1. 1.Ohé en LaakThe Netherlands
  2. 2.IpswichUK
  3. 3.HerpenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.University of Michigan, EEB DepartmentAnn ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations