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The Role of Biodiversity and Plant Conservation for Ornamental Breeding

  • Chunlin Long
  • Zhe Chen
  • Ying Zhou
  • Bo Long
Chapter
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 11)

Abstract

In this chapter, the world’s plant biodiversity is briefly introduced. It is estimated that there are 340,000–390,900 species of vascular plants in 452 families on the earth based on biodiversity informatics analysis. The species number of ornamental plants and their wild relatives is estimated to be 85,000–99,000. Four strategies to conserve ornamental plants can be distinguished, namely, in situ conservation, ex situ conservation, sustainable uses, and legal system establishment. The Convention on Biological Diversity and other international legal systems, together with national or local laws and regulations, are mainstreaming the conservation of biodiversity and sustainable uses of biological resources. The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization will profoundly affect the collection, breeding, and commercialization of ornamental plants around the world. New technologies as genome sequencing accelerate our understanding of plant genetic diversity and will enhance breeding and development of ornamental plants.

Keywords

World plant species Ornamental plants Conservation Nagoya Protocol 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of ChinaBeijingChina
  2. 2.Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of SciencesKunmingChina
  3. 3.Yunnan Institute of Forest Inventory and PlanningKunmingChina
  4. 4.Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture Forest Resources Monitoring CenterHunanChina
  5. 5.School of Life Sciences, Yunnan UniversityKunmingChina

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