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Identification and Conservation of Reptiles Through DNA Barcoding

  • Subrata Trivedi
  • Hasibur Rehman
  • Shalini Saggu
  • Al Thabiani Aziz
  • Chellasamy Panneerselvam
  • Sankar K. Ghosh
Chapter

Abstract

Reptiles are cold-blooded vertebrates that play very important ecological role in the environment. They dominated the world in the Mesozoic era and many of them have become extinct, and some are facing extinction. Poaching, overexploitation, secondary poisoning, habitat loss, climate change, etc. are causing serious threats to the biodiversity of the reptiles. The taxonomic position of the reptiles also makes this group evolutionarily very significant. In this chapter, we discuss the role of DNA barcoding in the identification, phylogenetic assessment, and conservation of reptiles. Special emphasis is given on the role of DNA barcoding in the identification and conservation of endangered reptile species. We also assessed the DNA barcoding scenario in all the four modern reptile orders—Crocodilia, Squamata, Testudines, and Sphenodontia. In conjugation with DNA barcoding, the amino acid informative sites within the barcode gene can be effectively used in the proper identification of different Testudine species. In contrast to other vertebrate groups, there is no DNA barcoding initiative exclusively for the reptiles, and there is a need to conduct more DNA barcoding studies on this important cold-blooded vertebrate group. The recent global barcoding initiative called “cold code” is expected to produce promising barcoding data on all cold-blooded vertebrates.

Keywords

Biodiversity Crocodilia DNA barcoding Reptiles Squamata Sphenodontia Testudines 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge the Deanship of Scientific Research, University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, for the support provided through the Project No. S-1436-0252. We also express our gratitude to the Saudi Digital Library (SDL).

Conflict of Interest

No conflict of interest reported in the current work.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subrata Trivedi
    • 1
  • Hasibur Rehman
    • 1
    • 4
  • Shalini Saggu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Al Thabiani Aziz
    • 1
  • Chellasamy Panneerselvam
    • 1
  • Sankar K. Ghosh
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Department of BiologyUniversity of TabukTabukKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyAssam UniversitySilcharIndia
  3. 3.Departments of DermatologySchool of Medicine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB)BirminghamUSA
  4. 4.Departments of PathologySchool of Medicine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB)BirminghamUSA

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