Education Inequality Around the World

  • Nichole Torpey-Saboe


In this chapter, the author employs cross-national quantitative analysis to explore the relationship between modernization, globalization, democratization, and education inequality. She finds that non-democratic regimes, such as communist or authoritarian state capitalist regimes perform just as well or better than free-market democracy in predicting more equal education outcomes. Torpey-Saboe also finds that modernization is associated with lower education inequality and that the effect of globalization depends on factor abundance. Globalization is associated with higher education inequality for capital-abundant countries and lower education inequality for labor-abundant countries. Further implications of this result are explored and preliminary evidence is found for a relationship between the types of industry in a country and the gender gap in educational attainment. For example, countries with a larger clothing export industry also tend to have more equal educational attainment for women and men.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nichole Torpey-Saboe
    • 1
  1. 1.Colorado Department of Higher EducationDenverUSA

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