Advertisement

Education Inequality Around the World

  • Nichole Torpey-Saboe
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, the author employs cross-national quantitative analysis to explore the relationship between modernization, globalization, democratization, and education inequality. She finds that non-democratic regimes, such as communist or authoritarian state capitalist regimes perform just as well or better than free-market democracy in predicting more equal education outcomes. Torpey-Saboe also finds that modernization is associated with lower education inequality and that the effect of globalization depends on factor abundance. Globalization is associated with higher education inequality for capital-abundant countries and lower education inequality for labor-abundant countries. Further implications of this result are explored and preliminary evidence is found for a relationship between the types of industry in a country and the gender gap in educational attainment. For example, countries with a larger clothing export industry also tend to have more equal educational attainment for women and men.

References

  1. Alesina, A., Baqir, R., & Easterly, W. (1999). Public goods and ethnic divisions. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114(4), 1243–1284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Easterly, W., & Levine, R. (1997). Africa’s growth tragedy: Policies and ethnic divisions. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112(4), 1203–1250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fearon, J. D. (2003). Ethnic and cultural diversity by country. Journal of Economic Growth, 8(2), 195–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fisher, R. A. (1925, July). Theory of statistical estimation. In Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society (Vol. 22, No. 5, pp. 700–725). Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. King, E. M., & Hill, M. A. (Eds.). (1997). Women’s education in developing countries: Barriers, benefits, and policies. Washington, DC: World Bank Publications.Google Scholar
  6. MacKenzie, C. G. (1988). Zimbabwe’s educational miracle and the problems it has created. International Review of Education, 34(3), 337–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Miguel, E., & Gugerty, M. K. (2005). Ethnic diversity, social sanctions, and public goods in Kenya. Journal of Public Economics, 89(11), 2325–2368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Parayil, G. (1996). The ‘Kerala model’of development: Development and sustainability in the Third World. Third World Quarterly, 17(5), 941–958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ross, M. (2012). The oil curse: How petroleum wealth shapes the development of nations. Woodstock: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Sachs, J. D., & Warner, A. M. (1995). Natural resource abundance and economic growth (No. w5398). National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
  11. Schultz, T. P. (1994). Human capital, family planning, and their effects on population growth. The American Economic Review, 84(2), 255–260.Google Scholar
  12. Wacziarg, R., & Welch, K. H. (2008). Trade liberalization and growth: New evidence. The World Bank Economic Review, 22(2), 187–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nichole Torpey-Saboe
    • 1
  1. 1.Colorado Department of Higher EducationDenverUSA

Personalised recommendations