Competency-Based Medical Education: A Brief Overview

  • Brandon Girardi
  • Peter Ferguson
  • Markku Nousiainen


Innovation in residency education has led to a transition from a classical apprenticeship model of training to a competency-based model. Competency-based curricula are developed based on various educational guidelines and a set of core abilities deemed essential for practice within a specific subspecialty. The main driving force behind this transition is the desire for a standardized learning experience with frequent, transparent evaluations. A modular layout is used for the curriculum with multimodal assessments for each module. The first module is a unique opportunity to create a transitional program, a boot camp, for new trainees. This chapter gives a brief overview of these concepts.


Competency based medical education Competence Competence by design CBME CBD Assessments 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brandon Girardi
    • 1
  • Peter Ferguson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Markku Nousiainen
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of Toronto, Mount Sinai HospitalTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Holland Orthopaedic and Arthritic CentreTorontoCanada

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