Understanding the Gates: The Journalistic Field in a Time of Mediatization

  • Stephen R. Barnard


This chapter lays out the conceptual framework that guides the book, beginning with a brief overview of Pierre Bourdieu’s field theory, which is broken into two sections. The first focuses on “elements of practice,” or what Bourdieu referred to as capital, habitus, and doxa. The second section summarizes the structure of the journalistic field, with subsections on field formation and professionalization, inter-field relations, and field transformation. The focus then shifts to providing an overview of mediatization as a theoretical perspective before introducing the concepts of “networked habitus,” “media meta-capital,” and “mediatized superstructure.” The chapter concludes with a brief discussion of emergent field dynamics like gatewatching and gatecrashing, which are driven by networked publics’ collaborative efforts to fulfill the function of a “fifth estate.”


Field theory Mediatization Meta-capital Media work Labor Boundary maintenance Journalism Citizen journalism Networked publics Fifth estate Gatekeeping Gatewatching Gatecrashing 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen R. Barnard
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologySt. Lawrence UniversityCantonUSA

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