Magnetostratigraphy of the Key Loess-Palaesol Sequence at Roxolany (Western Black Sea Region)

  • D. V. Hlavatskyi
  • V. G. Bakhmutov
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Geophysics book series (SPRINGERGEOPHYS)


Roxolany Section (46° 10′N; 30° 27′E) is one of the most representative outcrops within Western Black Sea Lowland. Its 55-m thick loess-palaesol sequence was stratified by palaeomagnetic, palaeopedological, thermoluminescence and other methods, but the results are different. Thus in palaeomagnetic studies of Roxolany the Matuyama–Brunhes (M/B) boundary was placed in the diverse stratigraphic horizons. The authors of (Tretyak et al. Int geol nauk 50, 1987) found a number of zones of normal, reversed and anomalous polarity, but attributed the whole 55-m loess-soil sequence to the Brunhes chron of normal polarity. Later, based on the results of the complex investigation of this section and taking into account the palaeomagnetic data from other outcrops in this region, the position of the M/B boundary was drawn in the loess located below the PK6 soil at a depth of ~34 m (Tsatskin et al. in Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 143:111–133, 1998), which corresponds to the Tyasmyn horizon according the stratification cited in (Bogucki et al. in Loess-covering of the North Black Sea Region. KARTPOL, Lublin, pp. 47–58, 2013). Our new palaeomagnetic investigations were carried out in a few laboratories with detailed measurements of specimens from duplicated outcrops after full AF and thermal demagnetization. We identified that the M/B boundary in the Roxolany section is located at a depth of 46.6 m at the contact between the buried soils of the Lubny and Martonosha horizons, which generally agrees with the present-day notions about the Quaternary stratigraphy of the south of Ukraine (Bakhmutov and Hlavatskyi in Geofiz Zhurn 4(38):59–74, 2016).


Magnetostratigraphy Matuyama-Brunhes boundary Palaeomagnetic method Pleistocene Loess-paleosol sequence Roxolany section 


  1. Bakhmutov V., Hlavatskyi D., 2014. New data about Matuyama-Brunhes boundary in Roxolany section. Geol. Zhurn. № 2 (347). – P. 73–84. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Bakhmutov V.G., Hlavatskyi D.V., 2016. Problems of magnetostratigraphy of Pleistocene loess-soil deposits of the South of Ukraine. Geofiz. Zhurn. 4 (38). – P. 59–74. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  3. Bakhmutov V.G., Mokriak I.N., Skarboviychuk T.V., Yakukhno V.I., 2005. Results of palaeomagnetic studies of Danube terraces sections and problems of Pleistocene magnetostratigraphy of the west Black Sea region. Geofiz. Zhurn. T. 25, № 6. – P. 980–991. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  4. Bakhmutov V.G, Kazansky A.Y., Matasova G.G., Glavatskii D.V., 2017. Petromagnetism and magnetostratigraphy of Ukrainian loess/palaeosol sequence (Roxolany, Boyanichi and Korshev sections). Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth (Fizika Zemli). Vol 53, № 6. – P. 864–884.Google Scholar
  5. Bogucki A., Lanczont M., Gozhik P., Komar M. Loess Roxolany section: location, history of studies, characteristic of deposits. Loess-covering of the North Black Sea Region. Lublin: KARTPOL s.c. Lublin, 2013. – P. 47–58. (in Ukrainian).Google Scholar
  6. Chadima M., Hrouda F., 2006. Remasoft 3.0 a user-friendly paleomagnetic data browser and analyzer. Travaux Geophysiques XXVII. – P. 20–21.Google Scholar
  7. Dodonov A.E., Zhou L.P., Markova A.K., Tchepalyga A.L., Trubikhin V.M., Aleksandrovski A.L., Simakova A.N., 2006. Middle-Upper Pleistocene bio-climatic and magnetic records of the northern Black Sea coastal area. Quaternary International. Vol. 149. – P. 44–54.Google Scholar
  8. Fedorowicz S., Łanczont M., Bogucki A., Woźniak P.P., Wróblewski R., Adamiec G., Bluszcz A., Moska P., 2013. Datowania izotopowe w profilu Roksolany, 2011. Loess-covering of the North Black Sea Region. Lublin: KARTPOL s.c. Lublin. – P. 65–683. (in Polish).Google Scholar
  9. Gendler T.S., Heller F., Tsatskin A., Spassov S., Du Pasquier J., Faustov S.S., 2006. Roxolany and Novaya Etuliya – key sections in the western Black Sea loess area: Magnetostratigraphy, rock magnetism, and paleopedology. Quaternary International. Vol. 152–153. – P. 78-93.Google Scholar
  10. Gozhik P., 2013. Study questions of Roxolany section. Loess-covering of the North Black Sea Region. Lublin: KARTPOL s.c. Lublin. – P. 17–33. (in Ukrainian).Google Scholar
  11. Gozhik P., Gerasimenko N., 2011. The Lower and Middle Pleistocene of Ukraine. Quaternary studies in Ukraine. Kyiv. – P. 9–26.Google Scholar
  12. Gozhik, P., Shelkoplyas, V., Khristoforova, T., 1995. Development stages of loessial and facial formation in Ukraine (Stratigraphy of loess in Ukraine). Lublin. Annales Universitae Mariae Curie-Sclodowska. Sec. B. 50, 65–74.Google Scholar
  13. Kirschvink J.L., 1980. The least squares line and plane and the analysis of palaeomagnetic data. Geophys. J. Roy. Astron. Soc. – №62. – P. 699–718.Google Scholar
  14. Pilipenko O.V., Sharonova Z.V., Trubikhin V.M., Didenko A.N., 2005. Fine structure and evolution of the geomagnetic field recorded in the Roksolany (Ukraine) loess-soil section 75–10 ka. Fizika Zemli, № 1. – P. 66–73 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  15. Sartori M., 2000. The Quaternary climate in loess sediments: Evidence from rock and mineral magnetic and geochemical analysis. Doctor of Natural Sciences Thesis. Zürich/ –231 p.Google Scholar
  16. Sharonova Z.V., Pilipenko O.V., Trubikhin V.M., Didenko A.N., Feyn A.G., 2004. Reconstruction of the geomagnetic field over the last 75000 years from paleomagnetic records in the Roksolany loess-soil section (the Dniester river, Ukraine). Fizika Zemli № 1. – P. 4–13. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  17. Tretyak, A.N., Volok, Z.E., 1976. Paleomagnitnaya stratigrafiya pliotsen-chetvertichnykh osadochnykh tolshch Ukrainy [Paleomagnetic stratigraphy of Pliocene and Quaternary sediments in the Ukraine). Naukova Dumka, Kiev. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  18. Tretyak A.N., Shevchenko A.I., Dudkin V.P., Vigilyanskaya L.I., 1987. Palaeomagnetic stratigraphy of the late Cenozoic key sections in the south of Ukraine. Kiev: AN USSR, In-t geol. nauk. – 50 p. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  19. Tretyak A.N., 1983. Remanent magnetization and the problem of paleomagnetic stratigraphy in sedimentary sequences., Kiev: Naukova Dumka. – 254 p. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  20. Tretyak A.N., Vigilyanskaya L.I., Makarenko V.N., Dudkin V.P., 1989. Fine structure of the geomagnetic field in the late Cenozoic. Kiev: Naukova Dumk. – 156 p. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  21. Tretyak A.N., Vigilyanskaya L.I., 1994. Pleistocene magnetostratigraphic scale of Ukraine. Geofiz. Zhurn. №2, t. 16. – P. 3–14. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  22. Tsatskin A., Heller F., Gendler T.S., Virina E.I., Spassov S., Du Pasquier J., Hus J., Hailwood E.A., Bagin V.I., Faustov S.S., 2001. New scheme of terrestrial paleoclimate evolution during the last 1.5 Ma in the western Black Sea region: integration of soil studies and loess magmatism. Phys. Chem. Earht (A). Vol. 26., № 11–12. – P. 911–916.Google Scholar
  23. Tsatskin A., Heller F., Hailwood E.A. Gendler T.S., Hus J., Montgomery P., Sartori M., Virina E.I., 1998. Pedosedimentary division, rock magnetism and chronology of the loess/palaeosol sequence at Roxolany (Ukraine). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatoligy, Palaeoecology. Vol. 143. – P. 111–133.Google Scholar
  24. Veklitch, M. F., Artyushenko, A. T., Sirenko, N. A., Dubnyak, V. A., Mel’nichuk, I. V., and Parishkura, S. I., 1967. Key Sections of the Anthropogene of Ukraine [Opornye geologicheskie razrezy antropogena Ukrainy]. Naukova dumka, Kiev. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  25. Veklich M.F., Sirenko N.A., Matviyishyna Z.M., 1984. Pleistocene palaeogeographic stages and detail stratigraphic disjunction of Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova Dumka. – 32 p. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  26. Velichko, A.A., 1990. Loess-paleosol formation on the Russian Plain. Quat. Int. 7/8. – P. 103–114.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geophysics by S.I. Subbotin Name, National Academy of Sciences of UkraineKievUkraine

Personalised recommendations