• Nezameddin FaghihEmail author
  • Mohammad Reza Zali
Part of the Contributions to Management Science book series (MANAGEMENT SC.)


Nowadays, entrepreneurship, as an important economic and social phenomenon and as a contemporary discipline, has been studied and researched in both developed and developing countries, among policymakers and academic researchers (Fayolle and Gailly 2008). Peter Drucker, a well-known Entrepreneurship and Management guru, has said, “Entrepreneurship is not magic, it is not mysterious, and it has nothing to do with genes. It is a discipline and like any discipline, it can be learned” (Drucker 1985; Valerio et al. 2014).


  1. Bosma N, Acs ZJ, Autio E, Coduras A, Levie J (2008) Global entrepreneurship monitor 2008 executive report.
  2. Byers T, Seelig T, Sheppard S, Weilerstein P (2013) Entrepreneurship; its role in engineering education. The BRIDGE, National Academy of Engineering, Undergraduate Engineering Education, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  3. Drucker P (1985) Innovation and entrepreneurship. Harper & Row, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Fayolle A, Gailly B (2008) From craft to science: teaching models and learning processes in entrepreneurship education. J Eur Ind Train 32(7):569–593. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lindegaard S (2016) What is the difference between R&D and innovation?
  6. The Europe Union (2018) Research and innovation: pushing boundaries and improving the quality of life.
  7. The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Website (2017)
  8. The International Labor Organization (ILO) Website (2017) and
  9. Valerio A, Parton B, Robb A (2014) Entrepreneurship education and training programs around the world. The World Bank, Washington, DC. Google Scholar
  10. Zali MR, Bastian BL, Mirzaee M (2014) Institutional framework conditions and entrepreneurial attitudes and motivations. Asers Publishing, CraiovaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UNESCO Chair in EntrepreneurshipParisFrance
  2. 2.Faculty of EntrepreneurshipUniversity of TehranTehranIran

Personalised recommendations