• Joachim Scholtyseck
  • Thomas Freiberger


“Diplomacy” has been subject to a constant process of change since negotiations, and mediations have been documented starting about 2500 BC. As a system of state relationships with permanent representations, diplomatic laws, and generally binding modes of behavior, diplomacy is a phenomenon of Early Modern Europe. However, the “transformation of the world” in the nineteenth century eventually ended the dominance of the existing Europe-centered diplomatic system. While the bipolar world after 1945 initially seemed to be a golden era for traditional diplomacy, this notion seems doubtful today. But as long as there is nothing like a world government and as long as post-national ideas—which some observers have long been heralding—are only visible in a few selected European countries, even a global world will not reject diplomacy as a sober mediating instance.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joachim Scholtyseck
    • 1
  • Thomas Freiberger
    • 1
  1. 1.Modern HistoryUniversity of BonnBonnGermany

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