Production of Biofuels from Biomass by Fungi
Fungal whole-cell biocatalysts have been used for the pre-treatment of lignocellulosic biomass, lignocellulosic ethanol fermentation, and enzymatic biodiesel production. Fungal whole cells or enzymes bound to whole-cell membrane have significantly reduced the production costs of biocatalysts while also increasing the reusability of biocatalysts. Various strategies based on the advances in genomics and genetic engineering have been developed to improve the biocatalysis efficiency. Genetic engineering of the fungal cells and enzymes via directed evolution has significantly increased the yields and productivity of biofuels in biological processes. Future research on the use of fungal whole-cell biocatalysts can lead to a more sustainable production of biofuels, biodiesel, and other value-added bioproducts.
This publication was made possible by Grant Number NC.X2013-38821-21141 and NC.X-294-5-15-130-1 from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA-NIFA). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture.
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