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Nutrition in a Child with Acute Kidney Injury and on CRRT

  • Michael Zappitelli
  • Timothy E. Bunchman
Chapter

Abstract

Critically ill children are at high risk for malnutrition. In the last 10 years, the importance of nutrition on clinical outcomes has been increasingly appreciated. For many reasons, children with acute kidney injury (AKI) are a high-risk group for malnutrition during critical illness. This problem is magnified by nutritional losses in children treated with renal replacement therapy for AKI. This chapter provides an overview of assessment of nutrition status, energy, protein, trace elements, and vitamin intake in patients with AKI, in the context of what is known in critical illness nutrition.

Keywords

Acute renal failure Feeding Critical illness Dialysis Vitamins Trace elements Energy expenditure Proteins Amino acids 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Zappitelli
    • 1
  • Timothy E. Bunchman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Division of NephrologyToronto Hospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsPediatric Nephrology, Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

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