Echocardiography in Acute Neurologic Syndrome

  • Gregory Katz
  • Muhamed SaricEmail author


Stroke is the third leading cause of mortality in the high-income countries. While acute neurologic syndromes can be divided into stroke and non-stroke causes, stroke from a cardiac source is the focus of this review. The chapter outlines cardiovascular conditions with high and moderate thromboembolic risk including the descriptions of key anatomic features and echocardiographic findings.


Stroke Atrial fibrillation Thrombus 


  1. 1.
    Stroke Facts | Accessed 12 Nov 2017.
  2. 2.
    Celeste F, Muratori M, Mapelli M, Pepi M. The evolving role and use of echocardiography in the evaluation of cardiac source of embolism. J Cardiovasc Echogr. 2017;27(2):33–44. Scholar
  3. 3.
    Benjamin EJ, Blaha MJ, Chiuve SE, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics-2017 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2017;135(10):e146–603. Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pepi M, Evangelista A, Nihoyannopoulos P, et al. Recommendations for echocardiography use in the diagnosis and management of cardiac sources of embolism European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) (a registered branch of the ESC). Eur J Echocardiogr. 2010;11(6):461–76. Scholar
  5. 5.
    Saric M. Guidelines for the use of echocardiography in the evaluation of a cardiac source of embolism. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2016;29:1–42. Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fuster V, Ryden LE, Cannom DS, et al. ACC/AHA/ESC 2006 guidelines for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation executive summary: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on practice guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Revise the 2001 Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Atrial Fibrillation) developed in collaboration with the European Heart Rhythm Association and the Heart Rhythm Society. Eur Heart J. 2006;27(16):1979–2030. Scholar
  7. 7.
    Weinsaft JW, Kim HW, Shah DJ, et al. Detection of left ventricular thrombus by delayed-enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008;52(2):148–57. Scholar
  8. 8.
    Senior R, Becher H, Monaghan M, et al. Contrast echocardiography: evidence-based recommendations by European Association of Echocardiography. Eur J Echocardiogr. 2008;10(2):194–212. Scholar
  9. 9.
    Flemming KD, Brown RD, Friedrich I, Sirch J, Erbguth FJ. Acute cerebral infarction caused by aortic dissection: caution in the thrombolytic era. Stroke. 1999;30(2):477–8. Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kerut EK, Norfleet WT, Plotnick GD, Giles TD. Patent foramen ovale: a review of associated conditions and the impact of physiological size. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001;38(3):613–23. Accessed 12 Nov 2017.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New York University Langone Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations