Echocardiography in Acute Neurologic Syndrome
Stroke is the third leading cause of mortality in the high-income countries. While acute neurologic syndromes can be divided into stroke and non-stroke causes, stroke from a cardiac source is the focus of this review. The chapter outlines cardiovascular conditions with high and moderate thromboembolic risk including the descriptions of key anatomic features and echocardiographic findings.
KeywordsStroke Atrial fibrillation Thrombus
- 4.Pepi M, Evangelista A, Nihoyannopoulos P, et al. Recommendations for echocardiography use in the diagnosis and management of cardiac sources of embolism European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) (a registered branch of the ESC). Eur J Echocardiogr. 2010;11(6):461–76. https://doi.org/10.1093/ejechocard/jeq045.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 6.Fuster V, Ryden LE, Cannom DS, et al. ACC/AHA/ESC 2006 guidelines for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation executive summary: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on practice guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Revise the 2001 Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Atrial Fibrillation) developed in collaboration with the European Heart Rhythm Association and the Heart Rhythm Society. Eur Heart J. 2006;27(16):1979–2030. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehl176.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 9.Flemming KD, Brown RD, Friedrich I, Sirch J, Erbguth FJ. Acute cerebral infarction caused by aortic dissection: caution in the thrombolytic era. Stroke. 1999;30(2):477–8. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.str.0000254594.33408.b1.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar